Special Effect 2: Enhance Colors And Add Warmth

If you are a traditional photographer who enjoys using filters when you shoot photos, then you'll love the digital versions that can be found in nik Multimedia's (www.nikmultimedia.com ) nik Color EfexPro Complete Collection, which has a total of fifty-five photographic filters for enhancing or stylizing any photo. The names of some of the filters are shown on the menu shown in Figure 41.5. B W Conversion,,, Bicolor Filter Brown Bicolor Filter Green Brown Bicoior Filter Moss, Bicolor Filter...

Table Of Conte

The Photoshop Book to- 'jl f'fKX > gr phm The Photoshop Book to- 'jl f'fKX > gr phm When You Forget to Use Fill Flash 82 Instant Red Eye Removal Removing Red Eye and Recolonng the Eye 88 Repairing Keystoning Without the Crop Tool 94 Removing Moire Patterns from Coacs. Shins, Etc .98 CHAPTER Before You Color Correct Anything. Do This fira 104 Color Correcting Digital Camera Images 106 Drag-and-Drop Instant Color Correction 11 Correcting Flesh Tones for Photos Going on Press . .118 Adjusting...

Opacity, pressure, and exposure

Another way to change the performance of a paint or an edit tool is to adjust the Pressure, Opacity, or Exposure value, depending on what tool you're using. In Version 6, the controls appear on the Options bar, which replaces the former Options palette. Regardless of which setting you want to change, you click the triangle to display a slider bar, drag the slider to raise or lower the value, and then press Enter. Alternatively, you can double-click the option box, type a value, and press Enter....

Straightening and cropping an image

You'll use the crop tool to trim and scale the photograph for this lesson so that it fits the space designed for it. You can use either the crop tool or the Crop command to crop an image. You can decide whether to delete or discard the area outside of a rectangular selection, or whether to hide the area outside of the selection. In ImageReady, the Hide option is useful when creating animations with elements that move from off-screen into the live image area. 1 In the toolbox, select the crop...

Using the Warp Text panel

Photoshop won't let you warp text along a path, but there are still plenty of Warp options which you can choose numerous distortion types.This is a simple Arc Warp, set to Vertical mode. E you can access the Warp Text panel by clicking its icon on the Options bar.The panel opens and allows you to distort the selected type using some simple controls. which you can choose numerous distortion types.This is a simple Arc Warp, set to Vertical mode. Because Type Layers are vectors the distortion does...

Getting started

Before beginning this lesson, restore the default application settings for Adobe Photoshop. See Restoring default preferences on page 5. You'll start the lesson by viewing the final Lesson file to see the duotone image that you will create. 2 Choose File > Open, and open the 13End.psd file, located in the Lessons Lesson13 folder. 3 When you have finished viewing the file, either leave it open on your desktop for reference or close it without saving changes. Now you'll open the start file for...

Linear Dodge

Linear Dodge also belongs to the Lighten group of blending modes it will always lighten the picture and blending with black has no effect. Linear Dodge can be seen as a combination of Color Dodge and Screen, but it's a more powerful blending mode than either. Like Color Dodge, Linear Dodge can clip highlights, which does not happen with Screen, but Linear Dodge differs from Color Dodge in that it lightens black. Linear Dodge inspects each color channel and brightens the base color to reflect...

Creating Artwork With Buzz.pro 2.0

Abandoned North Carolina Farm House Canon EOS D30 digital camera mounted on a tripod, 28-70mm f 2.8 28mm, ISO 100, RAW image setting, f 9 1 50, 2160 x 1440 pixels, converted to 8 bits per channel, 9.3MB .tif file Before I began using an image editor, I enjoyed airbrush and watercolor painting. Because of that background, I have always wanted to be able to transform digital photos into images that look like a painting without having to apply lots of brushstrokes. Very early on, I learned that to...

Part I: Breezing through Basic Training

The first set of chapters presents the basic operation of Photoshop, what you need to know to get around in the program, and the core process of getting images into Photoshop and back out again. If you're new to digital imaging, and particularly unfamiliar with Photoshop, make sure to read Chapter 1 through Chapter 3. If you've worked with Photoshop or another image editing program and aren't quite sure about the concept of resolution or which file formats are best for which purposes, don't...

Vector Shapes

Vector Shapes are new to later versions of Photoshop - here's what they do Next to the Pen tool in the ninth row of the tool bar is the Vector Shape tool. This enables you do draw shapes as vector paths or vector masks by dragging them out in the Layers or Paths palette. With the tool selected you can choose from the Options bar what you want to create. You can select the Pen and Freestyle Pen tool from the Vector Shape tool's Options, but there are also the specific shapes Ellipse, Rectangle,...

Saving a selection as a mask

Now you'll save the egret selection as an alpha channel mask. Your time-consuming work won't be lost, and you can use the selection again later. Quick masks are temporary. They disappear when you deselect. However, any selection can be saved as a mask in an alpha channel. Think of alpha channels as storage areas for information. When you save a selection as a mask, a new alpha channel is created in the Channels palette. (An image can contain up to 24 channels, including all color and alpha...

Chapter 1. Photoshop and Photography from 50,000 Feet

There's no rest for the leader of the pack. Although Photoshop has been the undisputed top dog among image editors for as long as most of us have been working with digital photography, Adobe's flagship pixel pusher has not been resting on its laurels. From the moment I finished work on the first edition of this book, which dealt with Photoshop 7.0, Adobe has been enhancing the program non-stop, adding features of special interest to photographers, such as enhanced manipulation of digital camera...

Color Space Theory

Computers are binary they store data in a series of 1's and 0's refered to as bits. Eight consecutive bits is refered to as byte. 1024 of these bytes is refered to as a kilobyte. 1024 kilobytes is refered to as a megabyte. For those curious this continues in the exact same manner with Gigabyte, Terabyte, Petabyte, Exabyte, Zettabyte and finally Yottabyte. Graphics often described by the number bits used to define each pixel. A 1-bit image is monochrome. An 8-bit image supports 256 colors or...

What Photoshop is designed to do

Adobe Photoshop is an image editing program. It is designed to help you edit images, digital or digitized images, photographs, and otherwise. This is the core purpose of Photoshop. Over the years, Photoshop has grown and developed, adding features that supplement its basic operations. But at its heart, Photoshop is an image editor. At its most basic, Photoshop's workflow goes something like this You take a picture, you edit the picture, and you print the picture (as illustrated in Figure 1-1)....

Unlocking a Background Layer

The Background layer is a lion among layers. It just will not let you manipulate it in the same way that you can manipulate normal layers. Before you can apply transforms, you must unlock it. Similarly, to apply filters, tools, and commands that require the layers to support transparency, you have to sneak up on it and convert it to a normal layer that is, one that supports transparency. Fortunately, unlike taming a lion, unlocking and converting a Background layer to a normal layer does not...

Creating, Saving, and Organizing Styles

The Layer Styles dialog box is the place to create new custom styles. By combining the various effects available in the dialog box or changing their settings, you can create styles that mimic wood, metal, chrome, ruby, glistening water droplets, or fragile glass buttons in fact, the list is limitless. The available effects include Drop Shadow, Inner Shadow, Outer and Inner Glow, Bevel and Emboss, Satin, Color, Gradient and Pattern Overlay, and Stroke (see Figure 7-1). Figure 7-1 The Layer Style...

Photoshop's incredible selective Undo

Here is one major difference between Photoshop and other programs you use. Almost all programs have some form of Undo, enabling you to reverse the most recent command or action (or mistake). Like many programs, Photoshop uses the +Z Ctrl+Z shortcut for Undo Redo (but remember that you can change the shortcut, as described in Chapter 3). Photoshop also has, however, a couple of great features that let you partially undo. Painting to undo with the History Brush You can use the Photoshop History...

Turning Photoshop Layers into Frames

If you create an animation using different layers in Photoshop, such as a distorted or Liquified object, then there's a simple way to convert each layer into a single frame of animation. You might choose to create an animation in Photoshop because some tools and brushes are not readily available in ImageReady (Figure 1.1). Several layers created for an animation sequence Several layers created for an animation sequence After you jump from Photoshop to ImageReady, select the Make Frames From...

Blurring with a threshold

The purpose of the Filter Blur Smart Blur is to blur the low-contrast portions of an image while retaining the edges. This way, you can downplay photo grain, blemishes, and artifacts without harming the real edges in the image. (If you're familiar with Filter Pixelate Facet, it may help to know Smart Blur is essentially a customizable version of that filter.) The two key options inside the Smart Blur dialog box (see Figure 10-30) are the Radius and Threshold slider bars. As with all Radius...

Read This First. Before Something Bad Happens

I had no intentions of writing this book So here it was, about four weeks before I would be flying up to New York City to teach a one-day seminar to more than 1,200 professional Photoshop junkies. (Okay, it was more like 1,160 pros. 42 people who just wanted a paid day off from work, and one total freak who kept asking me if I'd ever been in prison. I told him unequivocally, Not as far as you know.) Anyway, the seminar was just four weeks away, and there was one session rhat I still didn't have...

Working With The Type Tool In Photoshop

Creating text in Photoshop is quite easy to do, whether it's for artistic effect or simply to add essential information.We'll look at the various options available with the Type tool Type and text has numerous applications in Photoshop. You can create logos, web buttons, cool 3D text, even paragraphs of prose using the Type tool. In earlier versions of the program, text was a very basic affair. You created text as a selection which could be filled with a colour in a layer or applied as a layer...

Texturing the Arms and Hands

The arms and hands aren't much to talk about. There's plenty of mesh definition, so the base texture nearly suffices. The only thing I did was to highlight the areas where the finger-less glove are. Also, remember to pull the skin color from the face so that the skin tone matches. 1. Open the UV templates for both arms. Add a new layer to each file, copy the skin color from the head texture image, and fill both arm textures with this color. 2. Add Noise to texture, with about 5 percent...

Add an Annotation

Annotations are a great way to add details about the printing process to an image and keep all these details together with the print file. Select the Note tool from the toolbox and click on the image this will add an annotation sticky. Fill in all the details about how to create a good print from this file, include printer, paper, printer settings, profiles, and other printing details. Annotations can only be saved as part of a Photoshop PSD, PDF, or TIF file.

I'm done coloring, now what?

Once you're finished coloring your image, you've still got at least one step left. If you'll recall when we set up your image in chapter 2, we floated your lineart over the background. Now that you've finished coloring it's time to merge the linework with the background so it can be sent to the printer. Unfortunately, most printers can't print your documents straight from a native Photoshop file, so they'll have to be resaved into a format they can deal with. In most cases printers ask for .TIF...

What 1s Color in Photoshop?

Photoshop works with digital images (including digital photos, images that have been digitized with a scanner, and artwork that you create from scratch in Photoshop). The digits are the computer code used to record the image's information. The number of pixels, the color of each pixel, and any associated information are all recorded in a series of zeros and ones on your hard drive. Color, therefore, is nothing more than numbers at least as far as Photoshop is concerned. For you and me, however,...

Using multichannel techniques

The one channel function I've so far ignored is Image Mode Multichannel. When you choose this command, Photoshop changes your image so that channels no longer have a specific relationship to one another. They don't mix to create a full-color image instead, they exist independently within the confines of a single image. The multichannel mode is generally an intermediary step for converting between different color modes without recalculating the contents of the channels. For example, normally...

How the quick mask mode works

Typically, you'll at least want to rough out a selection with the standard selection tools before entering the quick mask mode. Then you can concentrate on refining and modifying your selection inside the quick mask, rather than having to create the selection from scratch. (Naturally, this is only a rule of thumb. I violate the rule several times throughout this chapter, but only because the quick mask mode and I are such tight friends.) To enter the quick mask mode, click the quick mask mode...

Resolving image resolution

Image resolution is nothing more than an instruction to a printing device about how large to reproduce each pixel. Onscreen, when working in Photoshop, your image has no resolution at all. An image that's 3000 pixels wide and 2000 pixels tall looks and acts exactly the same in Photoshop whether you've got the image resolution at 300 ppi or 72 ppi. Same number of pixels, right You can always check or change a picture's resolution by using the Photoshop ImageOImage Size command. The Image Size...

Dodging/Burning

Color and black-and-white prints are traditionally made using an enlarger, which casts an image of the film onto a photosensitive sheet of paper for a carefully calculated number of seconds. For about as long as photographers have been making prints, they have also been sticking their fingers, hands, or other objects in the light path to reduce the relative exposure of one part of an image (dodging) while increasing it in another (burning). The result is an image in which the light and dark...

Use Photoshop's Pattern Maker

Photoshop 7's Pattern Maker command makes it easy to create patterns out of any part of an image. For example, I recently wanted to fill part of a design with an abstract pattern based on the American flag. While I certainly could have tried creating this pattern by hand, Pattern Maker was able to give me a wide variety of patterns to choose from based on this theme in no time at all. TRY IT To use Pattern Maker, you first need to open an image in Photoshop on which to base your pattern. So...

Knocking out layers

The Knockout pop up menu is another of the blending options new to Photoshop 6. It turns the contents of the active layer into a floating hole that can bore through one or more layers. You specify how deep the hole goes using the Knockout option use Opacity and blend mode options to define the translucency of the hole. Select a Knockout option depending on what layers you want to blend together 4 None blends normally. The layer is treated as a standard layer, not a hole. 4 Shallow cuts a hole...

Why Photoshop Integration is Important for Avid Editing Systems

Avid editing systems are the most widely used option for video postproduction. They are indeed edit systems and not paint packages, however. The proper use of Adobe Photoshop is important to give Avid users access to advanced titling opportunities as well as to enable them to prepare logos and photos for import into projects. Avid recognizes this important connection and even offers an advanced course through Avid Education Centers called Creating Graphics and Mattes with Avid Media Composer...

Freezing and thawing pixels

As I mentioned a few paragraphs ago, Photoshop automatically freezes selected pixels when you enter the Liquify dialog box, which means that any distortions you apply don't affect them. You can freeze additional areas at any time. You also can thaw pixels so that they once again become slaves to the distortion tools. To freeze a portion of your image from the Liquify window, you have two options 4 Press F to select the freeze tool, shown along with the Freeze options in Figure 11-42, and then...

Removing the dreaded red eye

Digital photographers adore the ability to remove nasty red eye from pictures. Red eye occurs when light from a camera's flash bounces off the back of the retina of the eye and back into the camera's lens. It often occurs in low lighting situations and or when the flash is too close to the lens of the camera, as is often the case with digital and point-and-shoot cameras. At the source, you can prevent red eye by making sure your camera is set to no red eye mode. Check your documentation to see...

Starting Adobe Photoshop and opening files

The Adobe Photoshop and Adobe ImageReady work areas include the command menus at the top of your screen and a variety of tools and palettes for editing and adding elements to your image. You can also add commands and filters to the menus by installing third-party software known as plug-in modules. In this part of the lesson, you'll familiarize yourself with the Adobe Photoshop work area and open a file in Adobe Photoshop. Both Photoshop and ImageReady work with bitmapped, digitized images (that...

Optimizing images using Photoshop or Image Ready

Adobe Photoshop and Adobe ImageReady give you an effective range of controls for compressing the file size of an image while optimizing its on-screen display quality. Compression options vary according to the file format used to save the image. The JPEG format is designed to preserve the broad color range and subtle brightness variations of continuous-tone images (such as photographs or images with gradients). This format can represent images using millions of colors. The GIF format is...

Use a Broadcast Monitor with Photoshop

When designing video graphics, it is very useful to view them on a broadcast monitor or television. Starting with Photoshop CS2, Adobe added support for video previews over FireWire. This allows you to perform essential checks for color, interlace flicker, and readability. ' Step 1. Ensure the DV device is connected and powered BEFORE launching Photoshop. You can use a camera or a Digital-to-Analog converter that supports either NTSC or PAL and the DV standard. Step 2. Choose File> Export>...

Discover Photoshop's secret weapon for retouching and photo manipulation

The History Brush lets you paint previous states of the current document over the current state.This makes it a powerful tool for selectively applying filters to an image. The History Brush seems a bit of a mysterious tool in the Photoshop toolbox for both newcomer and veteran alike, and for that reason is one that often gets overlooked. This is usually because veteran Photoshoppers have got used to the way Photoshop used to work before the advent of the History Brush and old habits die hard....

Histograms Simplified

In most photographs of general subject matter, your eye sees the darkest neutral (gray) tone as black and the lightest neutral as white. (If the darkest color is obviously purple and the lightest a bright yellow, you probably wouldn't classify the photo's subject as general.) In a given image, the shadow under the shoe might be just a dark gray, and the shirt looks like it might need some bleach, but your eye (in cooperation with your mind) compensates to some degree and lets you see black and...

Fixing Dual Catchlights

Here are those dual catchlights again, as shown in Figure 4.13. The brightest catchlight was caused by the electronic flash used to take the picture. The secondary catchlight can be blamed on a bright window behind the photographer. It's sometimes difficult to previsualize a picture well enough to realize that double catchlights are going to result (the main catchlight doesn't appear until the flash goes off, for example), so the easiest solution is simply to remove one of the reflections in...

Installing Photoshop: Need to know

If you haven't yet installed Photoshop CS2 (or the Adobe Creative Suite), here are a few points to keep in mind l Install only into the default location. Photoshop is a resource-intensive program. Installing it into the default location (Applications on a Mac Program Files for Windows, as shown in Figure 1-13) ensures that it has access to the operating system and hardware as necessary. Installing into any other location or attempting to run Photoshop across a network can lead to frustrating...

Opening raw documents

A raw document is a plain binary file stripped of all extraneous information. It contains no compression scheme, specifies no bit depth or image size, and offers no color mode. Each byte of data indicates a brightness value on a single color channel, and that's it. Photoshop offers this function specifically so you can open images created in undocumented formats, such as those created on mainframe computers. To open an image of unknown origin, choose File Open As. Then select the desired image...

Hacking Photoshop* CS2

Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 10475 Crosspoint Boulevard Indianapolis, IN 46256 www.wiley.com Copyright 2005 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana ISBN-13 978-0-7645-9788-6 ISBN-10 0-7645-9788-4 Manufactured in the United States of America No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of...

Distortion Filters

For the most part, commands in the Distort submenu are related by the fact that they move colors in an image to achieve unusual stretching, swirling, and vibrating effects. They're rather like the transformation commands from the Layer menu in that they perform their magic by relocating and interpolating colors rather than by altering brightness and color values. The distinction, of course, is that whereas the transformation commands let you scale and distort images by manipulating four control...

You and Your Entourage

Entourage is a term used in traditional architectural illustration to describe elements added to a rendering that place a building in the context of its environment and relate it to human scale. Examples of entourage are people, furniture, cars, trees, plants, and flowers. This chapter will teach you how to extract and enhance image-based 2D entourage in Photoshop and then show you how to employ it in the 3D world of Autodesk VIZ. Although it is possible to create true 3D entourage in Autodesk...

Adding and Manipulating Dummy Nodes

You need to create several dummy objects to represent those critical game hooks. Dummies are simply inert boxes that you create, label, and link to specific parts of the character's body so that the game engine knows where to place items like weapons, backpacks, and so on. Some common ones for Torque are A mounting location called Mount0. This is the primary weapon-mounting location on all characters. For the Hicks model, it will be on the hand of your choice. It's required on all character...

Cleaning up scanned halftones

Photoshop offers one additional filter in the Filter Noise submenu called Dust & Scratches. The purpose of this filter is to remove dust particles, hairs, scratches, and other imperfections that may accompany a scan. The filter offers two options, Radius and Threshold. As long as the offending imperfection is smaller or thinner than the Radius value and different enough from its neighbors to satisfy the Threshold value, the filter deletes the spot or line and interpolates between the pixels...

The Channels Method

Methods already discussed, but differs in that instead of putting the lineart on its own layer it goes on a channel. Follow the identical steps for scanning and converting the image from bitmap to grayscale and then to RGB. The linework can then be cut ctrl X . But instead of pasting it immedietly, bring up the floating channels palette window> channels and create a new channel using the create new channel button, which looks like a pad of paper. The new channel will be automatically be...

The History palette

Choose Window Show History to view the History palette, annotated with the palette menu in full view in Figure 7-26. The History palette records each significant operation everything other than settings and preferences (for example, selecting a new foreground color) and adds it to a list. The oldest operations appear at the top of the list with the most recent operations at the bottom. Snapshots Opened state Palette menu Snapshots Opened state Palette menu Figure 7-26 The History palette...

Remapping Commonly Used Max Shortcuts

Over the years, I've worked with several modeling animation programs and have found that with each, I've had to remap the program's default shortcuts to the ones described in Table A.1, making my work go even faster. Modeling is an intense multitasking scenario making frequent use of both hands on a near-constant basis. Newer peripherals, such as the SpacePilot from Logitech (see http www.3dconnexion.com), are available that attempt to consolidate many common functions onto themselves so that...

Scott Kelby

Scot is Editor-in-Chief and co-founder of Photoshop User magazine, Editor-in-Chief of Nikon 5 Capture User magazine, and Editor-in-Chief of Mac Design Magazine. He is President of the National Association of Photoshop Professionals (NAPP), the trade aiiotiation for Adobe' Photoshop users, and he's President of KW Media Croup. Inc a Florida-based software education and publishing firm, Scott is author of the best -telling books Photoshop Down & t ny Tricks and Photoshop Pholo-Relouching...

Selecting the Contents of Layers

A few sections back, I mentioned that every layer (except the background) includes a transparency mask. This mask tells Photoshop which pixels are opaque, which are translucent, and which are transparent. Like any mask, Photoshop lets you convert the transparency mask for any layer active or not to a selection outline. In fact, you use the same keyboard techniques you use to convert paths to selections (as explained in Chapter 8) and channels to selections (Chapter 9) Ctrl-click an item in the...

Automated matting techniques

When you convert an antialiased selection to a layer, you sometimes take with you a few pixels from the selection's previous background. These fringe pixels can result in an unrealistic outline around your layer that cries out, This image was edited by a hack. For example, Figure 12-12 shows a magnified detail from one of my original attempts to add a drop shadow to the TV. Although the selection outline was accurate, I managed to retain a few white pixels around the edges, as you can see...

STEPS: Adjusting the Focus of Digital Photos

Select the entire image and copy it to a new layer. That's Ctrl A, Ctrl J. Figure 10-43 shows the image that I intend to sharpen, a picture of a friend's child. Figure 10-43 I captured this youthful fellow with a low-end digital camera equipped with a removable fish-eye lens. How innocent and happy he looks obviously not a computer user. 2. Choose Filter Noise Median. After processing several thousand of these images, I've found that a Radius value of 2 is almost always the optimal choice. But...

Creating an ICC monitor profile

Your monitor will display color more reliably if you use color management and accurate ICC profiles. Using an ICC monitor profile helps you eliminate any color cast in your monitor, make your monitor grays as neutral as possible, and standardize image display across different monitors. On Windows, you can use the Adobe Gamma software installed with Photoshop to create a monitor profile. On Mac OS, you can use the Apple calibration utility to create a monitor profile. In addition, there are...

Hands On | 02 Creating Custom Backgrounds—with Glen Stephens

By combining multiple grayscale textures using blend modes, new textures can be generated. Using blending modes ensures several different looks based upon the randomness of mixing your textures together. These looks can then be colorized or further modified to create entirely new backgrounds that are well-suited for video. In fact a texture library can be used to quickly create DVD menus, lower-thirds, or full-screen graphics. You'll find several textures on the DVD-ROM that can be used to...

Action FX

Known best for its many action files, Action FX has an impressive collection of Layer Styles as well. What started as a site for Photoshop hobbyists has quickly become a popular stop for Actions, Layer Styles, Brush Sets, and Textures. There are many tutorials and articles created by Photoshop author Al Ward. Al calls himself a certified Photoshop addict and is the webmaster of Action FX Photoshop Resources. He also contributes to the official NAPP Web site as the Actions area coordinator...

Advice on Selections

There is no single technique that is perfect for making the ultimate selection. It is the situation that dictates the technique, not your comfort level. It is important to get comfortable with all of the methods discussed in this book so you can begin to unlock Photoshop's power. Garbage matte is a compositing term. It means using a simple matte to block out the complex noise or garbage in the image that would otherwise interfere with a more elaborate matte. In other words, we chop the object...

Correcting Distortion Caused by a Taking Lens

If you receive files that exhibit common flaws caused by cheap lenses, or even expensive lenses that were used on a sensor for which they weren't specifically designed or were used at an extreme angle that results in keystoning, you can use the Lens Correction filter Filter Distortion Lens Correction to counteract the distortions. The filter can correct the most common flaws barrel, pincushion, chromatic aberration, vignetting, and vertical and horizontal perspective. The Remove Distortion...

Colorizing Old Movies with Photoshop Layers

Once you've stabilized and rotoscoped an old movie, you may want to give it a little character and modernization by tint colorizing. Instead of perfect colorizing in fine detail, this stylized process will result in something you may have seen in the fifties or sixties with tinted black-and-white movies. This process can be done easily by creating a few layers in Photoshop and animating them in AfterEffects on top of the black-and-white QuickTime movie. In this project, we'll use an old Los...

Applying Gradients to Shape Layers

When you create a shape using the pen or shape tools, by default the clipping path is filled with a solid color. However, suppose that you want to fill it with a gradient You have three choices, and, no, the Gradient tool is not one of them, because it cannot be used on a shape layer without first rasterizing the layer. You can apply a gradient layer effect after you have created a shape filled with color. You can create a layer style that uses just a gradient and then select it as a style in...

Crop Tool Modes

The Crop tool in Photoshop is a combined crop, perspective correction, image size, and canvas size tool. There are slight variations in the way the tool works in Photoshop and in ImageReady. Although some options are patently obvious when you select the Crop tool, others are revealed only when you actually define a crop. For example, when you draw a crop marquee, you can shade the area that will be discarded or hidden. The shaded area is called the crop shield you can toggle it off and on by...

Layer Styles: Bevels, Shadows, Glows, And More!

While many graphics are easy to read at print resolutions, they quickly become lost in the frame when keyed over moving video. In the print world, type is generally placed over a solid color such as white paper . In the video space, we frequently mix type with motion, and this results in an issue referred to as type on pattern. There are several strategies for assisting with readability in these situations. Common techniques include adding bevels, glows, or contrasting drop shadows. While there...

Fast Track to Version

If it seems like you've been using Photoshop for the better part of your professional career and you're itching to put a leash around the program's neck and take it for a walk, the following list explains all. Here I've compiled a few of the most prominent features that are new to Photoshop 6, in rough order of importance. I also point you to the chapter where you can sniff around for more information Object-oriented type Chapter 15 Every update to Photoshop features some kind of improvement to...

Shaping the Pants (Lower Body)

3ds Max Groin Area

The pants are baggy in keeping with military style. They also include shin and knee guards, like the marines in Aliens. A leg is basically a slowly extruded cylinder primitive all the way up to the torso. After you've tweaked one entire leg, you apply a Symmetry modifier, making a mirror copy of it. The boot and pants, which constitute the lower body, will be a single mesh entity with its own UV, texture, and normal maps. 1. Because the pants have shin guards going all the way down to the laces...

The paint bucket tool

Unlike remedial paint bucket tools in other painting programs, which apply paint exclusively within outlined areas or areas of solid color, the Photoshop paint bucket tool offers several useful adjustment options. In Version 6, you access the paint bucket controls in the Options bar, as with all tools. When you select the paint bucket, the Options bar automatically updates to show the available controls. If you don't see the Options bar, press Enter, double click the paint bucket icon in the...

The floating palettes

In addition to the Options bar, Photoshop 6 sports two new text-related palettes, the Character and Paragraph palettes. These two palettes don't display automatically when you first launch Photoshop you must choose Show Character or Show Paragraph from the Window menu or click the Palettes button on the Options bar while the type tool is active. Other than that, these new palettes look and behave just like the other palettes, which look and behave much like they have since Version 3. Each...

Light in Motion: Leaf Shadow

Obviously, there are several methods you can use to move layered objects around in ImageReady to create animation. Some of those methods can be used to animate with layer styles that will give realistic 3-D effects. Lighting and shadows in motion or moving textures across an object are just a few ways you can create motion with a single object or text layer. This project will guide you through creating lights, shadows, depth, and motion. With this method, you will modify only the layer styles...

Texturing the Head

After you've loaded the UV template into Photoshop, we'll begin painting the texture. We'll start with the head because it has the most detail. Select the loaded head template. The first step is to create a base texture that covers everything. This base texture should be the most common material for the object, such as a leather texture for the boots or a skin texture for the arms. 1. Fill the entire layer with skin tone color by selecting the color and using the Edit, Fill menu. Then select...

How Blending Modes Work

For many readers, it may be enough to work through the book, looking at the various blending modes and how they can be used effectively for a multitude of recipe combinations. That's absolutely fine. However, if you would like to know something more about how the blending modes work, this is the section for you. It is a survey of how blending modes are made and calculated and, unsurprisingly, it involves a little bit of math. But don't let that put you off I Photoshop's documentation usually...

Color Burn

Color Burn Blending

Self-blends and changing the opacity Color Burn is the third member of the Darken group of blending modes. It works by inspecting each channel and then darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the base color's contrast. So, applying the Color Burn blending mode to a layer makes the picture darker and increases contrast. Again, blending with white produces no change. Windows Alt Shift B Mac Option Shift B A simple Color Burn self-blend results in the darkening of all...

Water Droplets

T's easy to add the effect of water droplets. You don't need to sandwich your original with a stock photograph of droplets. Instead, make some water droplets of your own, and add steam or mist to simulate looking through a window or into a mirror. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Add a new layer using either the Create a new layer icon or the shortcut Ctrl Cmd-Shift-N and name Droplets 3...

Antique Photographs

Sometimes we want an image that is imperfect. I like to imitate the black spots that you can find on old black-and-white prints. These occur where there are dropouts silver grains that have dislodged from the negative which allow enlarger light to shine through. While we can apply a filter and add noise or grain, it's not easy to adjust it afterward. Varying the layer's opacity may vary the noise, but it isn't that all or nothing effect that you get from a damaged negative. Photoshop provides...

Natural reversal

Layers jlels I Paths Difference v Opacity 100 gt 3 Lock Fill 15 . gt Q Layers jlels I Paths Difference v Opacity 100 gt 3 Lock Fill 15 . gt Q This recipe produces an image that is similar to the original and with its highlights more saturated, but reverses and reduces contrast in the shadows and midtones. It usually results in a darkening of the image, but this can be fine-tuned by adjusting the Difference layer. With this night shot, notice how the brightly lit church is almost as the...

Tarnished Silver

Interesting things happen when you apply the Difference blending mode to an inverted copy of the base layer. Because Inversion turns white into black Difference's neutral color it leaves highlights and midtones unaffected, but reverses the shadows. This recipe takes advantage of these strange reversals. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Using the pull-down blending mode menu in the...

Metallic Shadows

11 Hide the Shadows layer by clicking the eye in the Layers palette 12 Activate the background layer and Repeat steps 6 to g, but choose Midtones in the Color Range dialog, and name the new layer Midtones. Leave its blending mode set to Normal 13 Move the Midtones layer to the top of the layer stack Lock J B Fill 100 gt Q l In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Using the pull-down blending...

Woodworm

've called this recipe Woodworm because that's what I was reminded of after I applied it to the image of the knight. The main ingredients are the Hard Mix and Pin Light blending modes and a couple of shots of Gaussian Blur. How much of each is up to you, but the two work closely together in this effect. On its own, Hard Mix reduces all pixels to one of eight colors, making a blocky image. But blurring the image creates larger areas of similarly colored pixels, which Hard Mix brutally shapes...

Emboss Sharpening

Always examine sharpening results at 100 . Every digital image needs some level of sharpening before it's printed, saved to the Web, or output to its ultimate use. Many sharpening techniques exist, from Photoshop's Unsharp Mask USM , edge-sharpening variations where the USM filter is applied in Lab mode, plug-ins, and countless actions. As for which is best, there's probably no right answer and it's better to add the tools to your armory, try them out, and decide with your own eyes. So, here...

Ultra Sharpening

Hard Mix is a fascinating blending mode that crudely reduces a picture to one of just eight colors. Apply it to a blend layer, then add some Gaussian Blur and set a low layer opacity. Halos appear around the details, resulting in a sharpening effect. This recipe builds on that idea, applying more blur and producing extreme Hard Mix sharpening. It works on its own, or as the basis for other treatments. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image. Drag the background layer onto the...

Sharpening without Color Noise

After sharpening the image with this technique, flatten the image Layer gt Flatten Image if you want to save disk space I any photographers switch off in-camera sharpening because they prefer the control that they get from sharpening in Photoshop. The Unsharp Mask is a very popular sharpening tool, but a downside is that it can introduce visible color noise and halos. Here's a quick sharpening recipe that uses the Luminosity and Color blending modes to eliminate these problems. After sharpening...

General Sharpening

linost every digital image needs to be sharpened at some point, and the Unsharp Mask filter is a favorite tool. However, because it's a destructive process, Unsharp Mask is often applied as the final step before printing. There is a surprising nondestructive alternative that involves the Hard Mix blending mode used in conjunction with a low-radius Gaussian Blur. When I first encountered Hard Mix, its obvious use seemed to be to drastically transform an image. It reduces an image to just eight...

Hiking Map Contours

Iost effective with pictures containing lots of detail, this recipe takes advantage of some Photoshop filters that produce an image that is mostly white. Find Edges is probably the most commonly used of this group, but another is Trace Contours. This filter outputs a basic contour map by joining together all pixels matching the brightness value that you choose in the Trace Contours dialog box. You can create an effect like a hiking map's contours by adding many such layers and setting their...

Soft Posterization

Layers ' Ch-i'iM i I i l. , Q Difference j Opacity jlMSC HQ Layers ' Ch-i'iM i I i l. , Q Difference j Opacity jlMSC HQ I Layers tanru s .Paths - , I Layers tanru s .Paths - , hough Photoshop has a posterization adjustment, its dialog offers little control and the results can be harsh and hard-edged. Here's a technique that lets you create posterization that's much softer and easier to control. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the...

Images shot in low light

LIn the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Using either the pulldown blending mode menu in the Layers palette or the shortcut Alt Opt-Shift-L, change the duplicate layer's blending mode to Color and rename it Color. 3 Zoom in to ioo using View gt Actual Pixels or Ctrl Cmd-Alt Option-Zero and move around the screen to an area where the digital noise is clearly visible 4 Apply some Gaussian Blur...

Gentle Skin

Noticed this skin-softening technique in Scott Kelby's Photoshop CS Book for Digital Photographers. It's fundamentally the same, but here I've added a twist. Duplicate the original image twice, blur both layers, set one's blending mode to Lighten and the other's to Darken, and then use masks to show or hide the softening effect. Sounds easy Let's dive straight in. 1 In the Layers palette, make two duplicates of the original image Drag the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or...

Overlapped Lighten Layers

Applying the Lighten blending mode to a layer means that the final image shows only those pixels from the blend that are lighter than those of the underlying image. You can use this behavior to overlay copies of an image and produce effects that range from viewing the image through patterned glass to simulating movement. l In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Use the pull-down blending...

Softening Contrast

N this recipe, we're going to apply lots of blur-more than you'd ever use if you wanted a simple soft-focus effect. There's a sandwich of two such layers, one with the Darken mode and the other using the Screen blending mode. This combination increases the image contrast, and, if we want, we can then reintroduce a bit more realism with a semitransparent layer containing the original. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image by dragging the background layer onto the Create a new...

Hard Mix Magic

Df all the blending modes, my favorites for radically transforming images are Hard Mix and Dissolve. Hard Mix reduces a picture to just eight colors, while Dissolve produces a speckling effect as you reduce the layer's opacity. This recipe is a gentle mix of these two fascinating modes. When you set the Hue Saturation adjustment layer to Dissolve, the resulting image isn't really a blend, but a mix of pixels randomly selected from either the adjusted or the underlying image Above Hard Mix...

Pin Light Bleach

Here's a simple recipe for producing a bleached, high-contrast image on a colored background. Highlights are progressively blown out by the Blend If si ider, but a softer and more colorful result is achieved using Pin Light or another of the contrast group of blending modes. 1 In the Layers palette, create a new layer by clicking the Create a new layer icon, or use Ctrl Cmd-J 2 Fill the new layer with a color by selecting Edit gt Fill and choosing Color in the Fill dialog box white is a good...

Repairing Highlights

In this example, I used the Color Picker to set the foreground color to the brightest areas on the top of the wall When I then chose Select gt Color Range, the dialog automatically selected the pixels matching the foreground color I then clicked OK, and added a mask to the Multiply layer This mask was automatically limited to my selection f an image contains obtrusive hot spots or blown highlights, you can quickly restore detail or make the highlights less obvious by applying the Multiply...

Pure Bleach

Here's a recipe for a great bleaching effect that works well with almost any image. A pair of inverted Exclusion layers removes the shadows and midtones, while a blurred Color or Linear Dodge layer softens the effect. However, because the bleaching effect can make some details indistinct, I added a further layer to which I applied the Find Edges filter to bring back some definition. 1 In the Layers palette, duplicate the original image layer by dragging the background layer onto the Create a...

Selecting tools in the toolbox

The toolbox contains selection tools, painting and editing tools, foreground- and background-color selection boxes, and viewing tools. This section introduces the toolbox and shows you how to select tools. As you work through the lessons, you'll learn more about each tool's specific function. 1 To select a tool, click the tool in the toolbox, or you can press the tool's keyboard shortcut. For example, to use the keyboard shortcut to select the zoom tool, press Z. Then, you can press M to switch...

Quiet Cooling

Here's a quick technique for cooling down skin tones and softening them at the same time. The technique lightens faces by making a layer from the image's Red channel and setting its blending mode to Luminosity. If you want to harden skin tones, try using the Blue channel instead. While I would use this technique mainly for portraits, it can also work with other types of images. 1 Open the image and activate the Channels palette by selecting Windows gt Channels You'll see thumbnails of the...

Changing the default catalog folder

To establish a different default folder to any catalog you create, follow these steps 2. In the General pane of the Preferences dialog box, click the Browse button for the Save Catalogs In section, shown in Figure 7-3. The Browse for Folder dialog box appears. 3. Either select an existing folder or create a new folder in your desired location. Click OK. If you change your mind or made a mistake, simply click the Restore Default Settings button to get back to the original folder pathname. 4....

So What are Megapixels?

Start shopping for a digital still camera and you'll be bombarded with megapixels. If you listen to most salespeople, you'll be misled as to what megapixels really are and just how many are needed. You'll need to understand megapixels so you can make smart shooting decisions or instruct those that are acquiring images for your project. A megapixel is a unit of storage and describes the total number of pixels in an image. In the strictest sense, a megapixel is one million pixels. This is a very...

What is the Proper Frame Size to Create Graphics for this System?

Depending upon which Avid system you are using and which video standard NTSC or PAL used in your particular country, your graphic size may vary. All graphics should be properly sized before you import them. Improperly sized graphics are prone to distortion and loss of quality. For those working with standard definition video, such as Avid Media Composer, Avid Symphony, and Avid Xpress, use the following sizes. If you are using Photoshop CS or later, you should design using the built-in...

Vanishing Point!

Perpendicular Planes

When combining images to create a scene, you might find a need to add texture or a pattern along what is supposed to be a three-dimensional object. You might, for example, add a product box to a photo of a kitchen and need to add a logo to the front of the box. Or maybe you will create a room, perhaps in a castle high on a hill, and you'll need to add a realistic stone texture to the walls. Use the new Photoshop CS2 Vanishing Point feature to map a pattern to angled surfaces, such as walls,...

For Instructors

If you are an instructor, I sincerely hope that you will adapt this book to your specific curriculum. I have designed it to be a great resource for advanced courses in screen graphics or video production. This book is based on techniques that I have taught over the years. I am a college instructor, as well as a frequent speaker at industry conferences and training events. There are several sample files that you can use for demonstration purposes during lessons or lectures. If students own the...

Why Layers?

When Photoshop was created, it did not have layers. It was an application that worked extremely well for touching up photos, frames of film, or video stills. The introduction of layers moved Photoshop from image touch-up program to robust graphic tool. The key to being fast in Photoshop is understanding the Layers palette. Think of layers as tracks from a video timeline. The way you build and organize the show affects your end results. With proper organization, you can come back later and...

Curves And Contrast

After you're comfortable working with Levels, Curves is the next tool to add to your Photoshop repertoire. The advantage of Curves is that it can give you 16 points to influence the tonal values of an image, whereas Levels allows you just three highlight, midtone, and shadow points . The Curves dialog box enables you to work with either 0-100 ink percentages or 0-255 tonal values. Click the small triangles circled in figure 2.34 to toggle between the two. From my experience, people with...