Adding Information to Images' Metadata

Metadata is information that describes an image file — and it can encompass not only the information provided by your digital camera, but also such tidbits as author information, your copyright, and keywords. Normally metadata isn't stored inside your image file, but instead in a standard Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) format, in a separate sidecar file — unless you're using DNG files (which store metadata along with the image).

You can use metadata information you add to an image later to organize and keep track of files and versions, as well as search and sort images. The more images you have, the more valuable this information becomes as a tool to help manage your image library. This is one of the features that makes Bridge so powerful.

You add metadata information to images by typing the information in the Metadata panel in Bridge, as shown in Figure 6-5.

File Info offers you an easier and more efficient method for adding metadata information. You can access File Info by choosing FileOFile Info or by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Alt+I (^+Shift+Option+I on the Mac). The File Info window (the Pictures-Adobe Bridge window on the Mac) appears, as shown in Figure 6-6.

The Description window is the first to show up on-screen. On its left side, you'll see a number of pages in which you can view or add metadata.

Metadata 1 Keywords

^ File Properties



Preserved Filename

Document Kind

Camera Raw



Date Created

8/12/2005, 2:51:40 PM

Date File Created

8/15/2005, 10:20:47 PM

Date File Modified

8/12/2005j 2:51:42PM

File Size

5.26 MB


3008 x 2000


240 dpi

Bit Depth


Color Mode

Color Profile




^IPTC(IIM, legacy)


^ IPTC Core


Figure 6-5: The Metadata panel in Bridge.

Figure 6-5: The Metadata panel in Bridge.

Figure 6-6: Entering data into the File Info window.

As you click through each page of the File Info window, adding or viewing data, you can always click OK to save your added information (or click Cancel to quit).

The different File Info metadata pages include these:

i Description: You can add general information about your image here.

i Camera Data 1: Displays information provided by your digital camera.

i Camera Data 2: Displays more information provided by your digital camera (some models are just pickier about details).

i Categories: You can enter information based on Associated Press categories.

i History: Displays Photoshop history information if the image was previously edited in Photoshop.

i IPTC Information Pages: You can enter information about the photographer and images per IPTC standards.

i Adobe Stock Photos: Provides information for images obtained through Adobe Stock Photos.

i Origin: Here you can enter additional information for images targeted to the news media.

i Advanced: Here you can view EXIF data about the image you're working with. The camera information includes zoom setting, shutter speed, aperture, white balance, and even the type of lens you used.

For the most part, the File Info and Metadata fields were built around IPTC standards, which cater to the international press community. (Hey, why not — they're one of the largest groups of professional photographers around the world!) Take advantage of the standards that IPTC has put forth and increase the manageability of your growing image library. You can visit the IPTC (International Press Telecommunications Council) site at

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