Color management engine Different companies have developed various ways to manage color. To provide you with a choice, a color management system lets you choose a color management engine that represents the approach you want to use. Sometimes called the color management module (CMM), the color management engine is the part of the CMS that does the work of reading and translating colors between different color spaces.
Color numbers Each pixel in an image document has a set of color numbers that describe the pixel's location in a particular color mode—for example, red, green, and blue values for the RGB mode. However, the actual appearance of the pixel may vary when output or displayed on different devices, because each device has a particular way of translating the raw numbers into visual color. (See "Why colors sometimes don't match" on page 102.) When you apply color and tonal adjustments or convert a document to a different color space, you are changing the document's color numbers.
Color profiles An ICC workflow uses color profiles to determine how color numbers in a document translate to actual color appearances. A profile systematically describes how color numbers map to a particular color space, usually that of a device such as a scanner, printer, or monitor. By associating, or tagging, a document with a color profile, you provide a definition of actual color appearances in the document; changing the associated profile changes the color appearances. (For information on displaying the current profile name in the status bar, see "Displaying file and image information" on page 48.) Documents without associated profiles are known as untagged and contain only raw color numbers. When working with untagged documents, Photoshop uses the current working space profile to display and edit colors. (See "About working spaces" on page 106.)
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