• If you are transforming a vector shape or path, select the path selection tool t. Then select Show Bounding Box in the options bar.
3 Do one or more of the following:
• To scale by dragging, drag a handle. Press Shift as you drag a corner handle to scale proportionately.
• To scale numerically, enter percentages in the W and H text boxes in the options bar. In Photoshop, click the link button j; to maintain the aspect ratio.
• To rotate by dragging, move the pointer outside of the bounding border (it becomes a curved, two-sided arrow ^), and then drag. Press Shift to constrain the rotation to 15° increments.
• To rotate numerically, enter degrees in the rotation text box in the options bar.
• To distort relative to the center point of the bounding border, press Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS), and drag a handle \.
• To distort freely, press Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS), and drag a handle.
• To skew, press Ctrl+Shift (Windows) or Command+Shift (Mac OS), and drag a side handle. When positioned over a side handle, the pointer becomes a white arrowhead with a small double arrow
• To skew numerically, enter degrees in the H (horizontal skew) and V (vertical skew) text boxes in the options bar.
• To apply perspective, press Ctrl+Alt+Shift (Windows) or Command+Option+Shift (Mac OS), and drag a corner handle. When positioned over a corner handle, the pointer becomes a gray arrowhead K
• To change the reference point, click a square on the reference point locator S in the options bar. (See "Setting the reference point" on page 182.)
• To move an item, enter values for the new location of the reference in the X (horizontal position) and Y (vertical position) text boxes in the options bar. In Photoshop, click the Relative Positioning button _ to specify the new position in relation to the current position.
To undo the last handle adjustment, choose Edit > Undo.
4 Do one of the following:
• Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS); click the Commit button y in the options bar; or double-click inside the transformation marquee.
• To cancel the transformation, press Esc or click the Cancel button ^ in the options bar.
When transforming a bitmap image (versus a shape or path), it becomes slightly less sharp each time you commit a transformation; therefore, performing multiple commands before applying the cumulative transformation is preferable to applying each transformation separately.
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Adobe Photoshop can be a complex tool only because you can do so much with it, however for in this video series, we're going to keep it as simple as possible. In fact, in this video you'll see an overview of the few tools and Adobe Photoshop features we will use. When you see this video, you'll see how you can do so much with so few features, but you'll learn how to use them in depth in the future videos.