© 2002 Gregory Georges


Great Blue Heron Landing Canon D30 EOS digital camera, 400mm f/4.0 with 2X tele-extender, (six 480 x 640 pixels 900KB .jpg images: cropped & edited)

After reading this technique's title, you may be ready to skip it and head to the next technique. But, I've got a nickel here that says there is something worthwhile in this technique for everyone. Admittedly, I am a stickler for getting everyone to do all of the first six techniques in this chapter. If you do them in a step-by-step fashion, you are almost certain to learn a number of new functions; or, in the least case, you'll practice using the tips enough to make some of them become part of your regular work habits.

The six photos we use for this technique are of a great blue heron flying in to land on a nest built one hundred feet or more up in a dead tree. I have spent hundreds of hours watching these magnificent birds build nests and raise their young. One of the most spectacular events in life that I've seen is a young heron getting brave enough to take its first flight. They stand on a dead branch and look down almost like a small child getting ready to take a dive off a high dive into a pool for the first time. Sometimes they lean forward and they look like they are ready to jump, but at the last moment, they get scared and try to keep from falling. Usually prompted by a sibling in their nest, they finally make the jump and fly off.


■ Choose File ^ Open (Ctrl+O) to display the Open dialog box. After locating the \02 folder, double-click it to open it. Press and hold Ctrl and then click heron1.jpg, heron2.jpg, heron3.jpg, heron4.jpg, heron5.jpg, and heron6.jpg to highlight them. Click Open to open all six files in a cascaded stack in the workspace.


Most application windows can be resized or expanded to occupy the entire desktop and so can the Photoshop 7 application window.

■ To make the Photoshop 7 application window fill the entire screen, double-click the Photoshop 7 application title bar. To return it to its previous size, double-click the application title bar once again.

■ You may achieve the same results by clicking the maximize button in the upper-right corner of the application window. One click and the window expands; click it again and the application window returns to its previous size.


■ Document windows can be resized by clicking the bottom-right corner of the document window; drag and drop to resize the document window as you like. Try resizing one of the heron document windows.

■ You can also work in a maximized document window view by double-clicking any document window title bar or by clicking the maximize icon in the upper-right corner of a document window. Click the maximize icon again and the document window returns to its previous size.

■ When in maximized document mode, you can easily change between any open document by choosing Window ^ Documents and then selecting the document you want to view. Choose Window ^ Documents and you get a menu that lists the name of all six of the open heron image files.

Alternatively, you can press Ctrl+Tab to cycle through all the open documents — even when you are in Full Screen mode with no menus.

The maximized document mode is a particularly useful mode when you want to select all of, or part of an image that includes one or more edges, as it allows you to click outside of an image and then drag the selection marquee or crop marquee as you choose. If a document window is not maximized, selecting an image all the way to one or more of its edges is hard.


■ To resize an image inside of a document window, use the Navigator palette, as is shown in Figure 2.7.You can increase or decrease the image size by using the slider, or by clicking on the increase or decrease image icons on either side of the slider.

■ Using the Status bar can also change image size within a document window. To turn on the Status bar if it isn't already showing, choose Window >-Status bar. At the left end of the Status bar is an image magnification setting, as shown in Figure 2.8. To change the level of magnification, simply type in the percentage of image size that you want and press Enter.

■ To view an image at full-size, type 100% in the Status bar zoom magnification box and then press Enter or click the Navigator increase or decrease size buttons until you get 100%, or choose View >-Actual Pixels (Alt+Ctrl+0) or double-click the Zoom tool in the Tools palette to get to 100%.

■ Sometimes, you want to make an image as large as possible while still showing the entire image. To accomplish this, you can choose View ^ Fit on Screen (Ctrl+0), or double-click the Hand tool in the Tools palette.

■ If you select the Hand tool (H), the Options bar will display buttons for Actual Pixels, Fit On Screen, and Print Size, which are handy if they are accessible.


Some projects require that you have more than one image open at a time and consequently, you have so much clutter, your productivity decreases. Photoshop 7 offers a number of ways to help you to organize document windows.

■ Document windows can be tiled by choosing Window ^ Documents ^ Tile. This opens up all the windows and sizes them so they all fit on the screen like tiles.

■ Document windows can also be cascaded by choosing Window ^ Documents ^ Cascade.

When I need to work with two or three or more open images at once, I often tile document windows; then I switch back and forth between a maximized document window view and the tiled view.

■ You may also minimize document windows, which automatically places them in neat rows at the bottom of the Photoshop 7 workspace, as shown in Figure 2.9.



■ When you have a document window open and the image is scaled at a size that makes it larger than the document window, you can move the image around inside the document window to view the portion of the image that you want. To do so, click inside the Navigator palette inside the red view box. Drag the red box inside the thumbnail image in the Navigator palette until it shows the portion of the image that you want to view.

Alternatively, you can select the Hand tool (H) in the Tools palette, and then click inside a document window to drag the image around within the document window. The best way to select the Hand tool is to hold down the Spacebar, which selects the Hand tool; then it turns the cursor to the Hand tool icon. Click in your image and drag it to where you want it. After you release the Spacebar, the Hand tool automatically reverts back to the previously chosen tool.

■ One other approach to view just what you want to view without having to worry about selecting viewing percentages is to use the Zoom tool. While you can click the Zoom tool (Z) in the Tools palette to select the Zoom tool, I suggest you get used to selecting the Zoom tool by pressing Ctrl+Spacebar as this approach allows you to Zoom quickly and then automatically return to your previously selected tool. After you select the Zoom tool, click and drag a marquee inside the image where you want to view it. After you release the mouse button, the document window shows the selected area centered in the document window — and the Zoom tool reverts to the previously selected tool.

■ Occasionally, you may find that you need to methodically examine or edit all of an image at a magnified level. For example, after scanning an image, you may want to check the entire image for marks caused by dust particles and other unwanted things. To do this using keystrokes, press Page Up or Page Down to have Photoshop 7 scroll the image a little less than a page's worth of pixels up or down. To move right or left when you get to the top or bottom of an image, press Ctrl+Page Up or Ctrl+Page Down. Use the Navigator palette to keep track of where you are in the image. Photoshop 7 also supports using the mouse wheels (the scroll wheels) to zoom in or out.

If the mouse is over a palette, the wheel will scroll the scrollbar for that window. If the mouse is over an image window the wheel will scroll the image. Holding down Alt/Option will zoom the image instead. The Control key means to scroll horizontally instead of vertically. The Shift key means to scroll or zoom by larged increments.


There are many reasons why you may want to have more than one document window open at the same time that shows the same image. For example, I am always very picky about having a catch-light in eyes when shooting people, pets, and wildlife. A catch-light is a highlight in an eye; without one an image generally is far less successful than if it had one. To create a catch-light or enhance one, you may need to zoom an image to 200% or more to select and edit the eye. At this zoom level, it is hard to see how your enhancements fit with the overall image. The solution to this problem is to open up a second window.

■ Click heron2.tif to make it the active image. Double-click the Zoom tool in the Tools palette to make sure the image displays at 100%.

■ Click the heron2.tif document title bar and drag the document window to the left of your workspace.

■ To open up a second window showing heron2.tif,choose Window ^ Documents >-New Window. Click the document title bar of this new window and drag it to the right so that you can see the 100% view image on your left. To zoom in on the heron's eye, press Ctrl+Spacebar to get the Zoom tool. Then click inside the image and drag a marquee around the head of the heron to select the area you want to view.

You now have one window showing the heron at 100% and a second window showing the same image, only it is zoomed in to show the heron's head. You can now make edits in one window and see the results simultaneously in both windows, as shown in Figure 2.10. Notice how the other heron photos have been minimized at the bottom of the workspace.


When you open multiple palettes and multiple images, and then consider the space that goes to the Photoshop 7 application window, menu bar, Options bar, Status bar, and window scroll sliders — you don't have much space to view and edit images. But, you have ways where you can see it all!

■ To turn off all palettes including the Tools palette, the Status bar, and the Options bar press Tab — they are gone! To get them back, press Tab again.


■ For those picky types who also want to rid their screens of the Photoshop 7 applications window, the application title bar, and menu bar — press F. The first time you press F, the application window disappears and the active document window expands to fill the screen with the image. Press F again and the menu bar goes away. Press F once more and your desktop is restored to its previous state. Pressing F allows you to cycle through three modes: Full Screen View with menu, Full Screen View without menu, and return to previous state.

The other way to switch between these different modes is to use the view controls at the bottom of the Tools palette just above the ImageReady button, as shown in Figure 2.11. The first button is for

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Standard Screen View, the second for Full Screen

Mode (with menu bar), and the last is for Full Screen View (without menu). While you can use these buttons, I suggest that you learn to use F — it is faster and much more convenient than moving a mouse and doing a click. Plus, you can use the F key anytime — even when the Tools palette is not showing.

I should also point out that when you are in Full Screen Mode, you can still use the Tab key to turn on the Menu bar, the Tools palette, and other palettes. Press Tab again to turn them off. If you want to move around your image, press the spacebar and the Hand cursor will appear allowing you to drag your image around to see what you want. Now you can see why it is so worthwhile to learn a few of the shortcuts that we covered earlier. Having such a clutter-free workspace allows you to concentrate more on your image, which ought to help you be more creative and get better results.


Photoshop 7 comes with a powerful Web graphics application called ImageReady. If you use digital photos for Web pages, you will want to use the features in ImageReady.

■ To edit the active image in ImageReady, click the Jump to ImageReady icon (Ctrl+Shift+M) at the bottom of the Tools palette shown in Figure 2.11 or choose File ^ Jump To >-ImageReady.

This feature allows you to launch ImageReady with the image open. Jumping between applications allows you to easily use the full feature sets of both applications. Images updated in one application can be automatically updated in the other application by setting Auto-update in the Edit ^ Preferences ^ General dialog box. This preference only applies to when jumping to applications other than ImageReady and Photoshop. The image is always auto-updated between Photoshop 7 and ImageReady 7.

■ As soon as you are in ImageReady and you have completed your tasks, choose File ^ Exit to close ImageReady and return to Photoshop 7.


■ To close a document window, click the Close Window icon at the upper-right of the document window, or click a document window that you want to close to make it active, and then choose File ^ Close (Ctrl+W).

■ To close all the open document windows, (Windows) choose Window ^ Documents >-Close All (Shift+Ctrl+W). (If you have edited any of the images, you get a dialog box asking if you want to save changes before closing. If you do, click Yes, otherwise click No. If you realize that you need to save the edited files under another name or want to cancel the Close All command, click Cancel.)

You should now have a few tips and techniques in your mind that you will want to use often. While we all find a good tip every now and then that we intend to use, only the diligent souls actually put these tips into everyday use — it is these souls that ultimately become Photoshop 7 experts — the rest merely remain known as users. What are you going to be?

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