Step 7: Minimize Staining

The bottom part of the man has obviously been vignetted during the exposure process; however, I think that part of that same area has either been stained or lightened more than when it was first printed. We also need to fix the lighter areas that have been stained or faded in the rest of the image as well.

■ To darken the light areas, you need to selective increase image density. To do that, duplicate the layer by choosing Layer >- Duplicate Layer; click OK to duplicate the layer.

■ Click in the Blend Mode box in the Layers palette and select Multiply. The idea is to set Opacity at a level that creates the darkest background color that is needed to cover the stain. Set Opacity in the Layers dialog box to 65%.

■ Choose Layer >- Add Layer Mask ^ Hide All to hide the entire dark layer. You can now paint on the Layer mask and gently build up the density level wherever it is needed.

■ Select the Brush tool (B) by clicking on it in the Tools palette. Click in the Brush Picker Palette in the Options bar and select the Soft Round 200 Pixels brush. Set Opacity in the Options bar to

10%. Make sure that the foreground color is White.

■ You can now begin painting on the image to remove the lighter stained areas. If you paint too much and part of the image gets too dark, you can switch to Black and paint the mask so that you lighten the image again. Click often and gradually build up the color. It is best to work in full-screen mode by pressing F, F, and then Tab. Remember you can move the image around with the Hand tool by pressing and holding the Space bar to get the Hand tool.

■ Notice that it is also possible to paint some of the image density back into the bottom part of the coat. Once you have completed painting the mask, you may find that you will need to use the Healing Brush tool to fix any spots that have now become more pronounced.

■ When you are happy with the results, choose Layer >- Flatten Image.

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