Creating a Clipping Mask

To create a clipping mask, you need at least two layers: one to create the shape of the mask, and the other to supply the content for the mask. You can use a type or an image layer to create the clipping mask shape, and when the shape is the way you want it, you can position the pointer between the two layers, then press [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac). The pointer changes to two circles with a left-pointing arrowhead. Simply click the line between the layers to create the clipping mask. You can tell if a clipping mask exists by looking at the Layers palette. A clipping mask is indicated when one or more layers are indented and appear with a down arrow icon, and the base layer is underlined.

Removing a Clipping Mask

When you create a clipping mask, the layers in the clipping mask are grouped together. To remove a clipping mask, press and hold

[Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), position the clipping mask pointer over the line separating the grouped layers on the Layers palette, then click the mouse. You can also select the base layer, click Layer on the menu bar, and then click Release Clipping Mask.

FIGURE 23

Result of clipping mask

FIGURE 23

Result of clipping mask

Clipping Mask Worn Textures

Imagery used in the Clipped texture clipping mask appears in layer

Imagery used in the Clipped texture clipping mask appears in layer

Create a clipping mask

FIGURE 24

Creating a clipping mask

1. Click the Join in the fun layer on the Layers palette to make it the active layer.

2. Drag the active layer below the Nuts layer on the Layers palette.

Press and hold [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), then point with the Clipping mask pointer

4 ^ to the line between the Border Fruit and the Join in the fun layers. Compare your Layers palette to Figure 24.

Click the line between the two layers with the

Clipping mask pointer " M, then release

The Join in the fun layer (member) is filled with the images from the Border fruit layer

Verify that the clipping icon (a small downward pointing arrow) appears in the Join in the fun layer, then compare your Layers palette to Figure 25.

Make sure the Join in the fun layer is active, click the Opacity list arrow on the Layers palette, drag the slider to 100%, then press [Enter] (Win) or [return] (Mac).

You created a clipping mask, using the Border Fruit layer as the base and the Join in the fun layer as a member of the clipping mask to make the banana peel appear as the fill of the Join in the fun layer, and then you adjusted the opacity of the Join in the fun layer.

1 Normal

v Opacity:

$0% >

I Lock: □ j/ + £1 Fit

100% >

LJ

m Bananas

A

ft

Nuts

■f

Join in (he fun

V V ■

Border Fruit

m

H

Blueberries copy

9.

a e. a a

9

Clipping mask pointer

FIGURE 25

Clipping mask on Layers palette

Lsyeri " Champs \paths ^gr V Opacity: 80% >

Join in the fun layer indented

Clipping mask member

Arrow indicates clipping group

FIGURE 25

Clipping mask on Layers palette

Lsyeri " Champs \paths ^gr V Opacity: 80% >

Create Clipping Mask Photoshop

Base layer name of clipping mask is underlined

FIGURE 26

Finished product

FiRiifnh™ Frull.psd tp 1C0& (Border fruil.RGB/B)

Join in the fun layer text filled in

Remove a clipping mask

1. Click the Border Fruit layer on the Layers palette.

2. Hide the rulers and guides.

3. Click Layer on the menu bar, then click Release Clipping Mask.

4. Click Edit on the menu bar, then click Undo Release Clipping Mask. Compare your screen to Figure 26.

5. Click File on the menu bar, click Save As, then, using the name given, select the As a Copy check box.

6. Type copy after the original filename if it does not automatically appear in the File name text box, then click Save.

7. Click Layer on the menu bar, then click Flatten Image.

8. Save your work, then close the file and exit Photoshop.

You removed the clipping mask by using the Release command on the Layer menu, restored the clipping mask by using the Undo command on the Edit menu, saved a copy of the image, and then flattened the file.

SKILLS REFERENCE

Power User Shortcuts

to do this:

use this method:

to do this:

use this method:

Activate layer

Press and hold [Ctrl][~] (Win) or H [~] (Mac)

Create a layer mask that hides the selection

Press and hold [Alt] (Win) or option \ (Mac) > _Q]

Activate layer mask

Press and hold [Ctrl][\] (Win) or [|f][\] (Mac)

Create a layer mask that reveals the selection

Layer > Layer Mask > Reveal Selection

Add an adjustment layer

Delete layer

3r

Align linked layers by vertical centers

Layer > Align > Vertical Centers

Disable layer mask

Layer > Layer Mask > Disable

Next or previous brush tip in palette

[,] or [.]

Blend pixels on a layer

Double-click a layer thumbnail, click Blend If list arrow, choose color, drag This Layer and Underlying Layer sliders

Remove a clipping mask

Click a layer in the group > Layer > Release Clipping Mask

Brush Tool

orB

Remove a link

Click $

Change brush tip

Select Brush Tool, right-click (Win) or | corvtrof] (Mac), then click

Scale a layer

Edit > Transform > Scale

Create a clipping mask

Press and hold [Alt] (Win) or j option \ (Mac), move the pointer to the line between two layers, then click

Rotate a layer 90° to the left

Edit > Transform > Rotate 90° CCW

Select first or last brush tip in palette

[Shift][,] or [Shift][.]

Create a layer mask

o

Key: Menu items are indicated by > between the menu name and its command. Blue bold letters are shortcuts for selecting tools on the toolbox.

Key: Menu items are indicated by > between the menu name and its command. Blue bold letters are shortcuts for selecting tools on the toolbox.

CHAPTER SUMMARY

One of the most powerful editing tools that Photoshop has to offer is the ability to create and modify masks. Once a mask is placed on a layer, you can edit its shape using the Brush Tool. Mask pixels can be painted in, or painted away, so that your image looks exactly the way you want it to. A mask is automatically linked to its layer, so that when you move a masked layer, the mask moves with the layer content. You can also select multiple layers and move them as a group. Multiple layers can be aligned and distributed when they are selected as a group. Once you are satisfied with the results of a mask, you can choose to disable it, delete it, or apply it to the layer.

An adjustment can be used to make color adjustments to a layer without permanently affecting the pixels on the layer. An adjustment layer can affect all the layers beneath it, or just the immediate layer beneath it. This feature makes it possible for you to try your changes without permanently changing the layer's content. Like masks, you can disable an adjustment layer, delete it, or apply it by merging it with its layer.

What You Have Learned:

• How to create a layer mask to hide pixels

• How to select multiple layers

• How to align and distribute layers

• How to transform layer objects

• How to disable and remove a layer mask

• How to create and modify an adjustment layer

• How to create a clipping mask

Key Terms

Adjustment layer A special layer that lets you make color modifications without permanently changing the actual layer.

Base layer The bottom layer in a clipping mask, or group; serves as the group's mask.

Blend If color Determines the color range for the pixels you want to blend.

Clipping mask A group of two or more contiguous layers that are linked for the purpose of masking.

Layer mask A feature that can cover an entire layer, or specific areas within a layer, and can be used to change dimensions when transforming the object.

This Layer slider Specifies the range of pixels that will be blended on the active layer.

Transform Box A rectangle that surrounds an image and contains handles.

Transform Changes the shape, size, perspective, or rotation of an object.

Underlying Layer slider Specifies the range of pixels that will be blended on all the lower layers.

chapter

Understanding Adobe Photoshop Features You Will Use

Understanding Adobe Photoshop Features You Will Use

Adobe Photoshop can be a complex tool only because you can do so much with it, however for in this video series, we're going to keep it as simple as possible. In fact, in this video you'll see an overview of the few tools and Adobe Photoshop features we will use. When you see this video, you'll see how you can do so much with so few features, but you'll learn how to use them in depth in the future videos.

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