To Make Repairs

What You'll Do

In this lesson, you'll use the Clone Stamp Tool to sample an undamaged portion of an image and use it to cover up a flaw on the image.

Touching Up a Damaged Area

Let's face it, many of the images you'll want to work with will have a visual flaw of some kind, such as a scratch, or an object obscuring what would otherwise be a great shot. While you cannot go back in time and move something out of the way, you can often use the Clone Stamp Tool to remove an object or cover up a flaw.

Using the Clone Stamp Tool

The Clone Stamp Tool can copy a sample (a pixel selection) in an image, and then

FIGURE 15

Clone Stamp Tool in action

FIGURE 15

Clone Stamp Tool in action

Object to be deleted paste it over what you want to cover up. The size of the sample taken with the Clone Stamp Tool depends on the brush tip size you choose on the Brushes palette. Figure 15 shows the Clone Stamp Tool in action. In addition to using the Clone Stamp Tool to touch up images, you can use it to copy one image onto another. Using the Clone Stamp Tool to copy an image differs from copying an image because you have extensive control over how much of the cloned area you expose and at what opacity.

Sampled area

Sampled area applied twice to hide portions of the object Enhancing Specific Selections Chapter 9

FIGURE 16

Comparing images

FIGURE 16

Comparing images

DESIGNTIP Perfecting your analytical skills

An important step in making an adjustment to any image is to examine it critically and figure out what is wrong. An area that you select for fixing does not necessarily have to look bad or appear wrong. An image might be "wrong" because it simply does not convey the right meaning or mood. Compare the two images in Figure 16. They contain basically the same elements but express entirely different ideas. The figure on the left conveys a more positive image than the one on the right; clearly the grades are better for the student on the left, however, this is also reflected in the lighter colored paper, which is in pristine condition. The elements that you choose for your content should depend on what you want to convey. For example, if you want to convey a positive mood, using the elements in the image on the right would be inappropriate for your image. Choosing the right content in the beginning can save you a lot of time in the end. It is much easier and quicker to reach a destination if you know where you are going before you begin the journey.

Sample an area to clone

1. Click the Fruit and Vegetables layer on the

Layers palette.

2. Click the Zoom Tool ^ on the toolbox.

3. Click the center of the far-left tomato with the Zoom pointer until the zoom factor is 200% so you can clearly see the fly.

4. Click the Clone Stamp Tool St. on the toolbox.

5. Click the Click to open the Brush Preset picker list arrow on the options bar, then double-click the Hard Round 13 pixels brush tip.

6. Verify that the Opacity setting on the options bar is 100%.

7. Position the Brush pointer Q at approximately 60 X/400 Y, as shown in Figure 17.

8. Press [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), click once, then release [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac).

The sample is collected and is ready to be applied to the fly.

You selected the Fruit and Vegetables layer, set the zoom percentage, selected a brush tip for the Clone Stamp Tool, and sampled an undamaged portion of the tomato.

FIGURE 17

Defining the area to be sampled

Area to be sampled

Area to oe hidden by sample

FIGURE 18

Clone Stamp Tool positioned over defect

Clone Stamp Tool positioned over the fly

FIGURE 18

Clone Stamp Tool positioned over defect

Clone Stamp Tool positioned over the fly

FIGURE 19

Defect corrected

FIGURE 19

Defect corrected

Clone Stamp Tool sample area covers the fly

FIGURE 20

Corrected image

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Use the Clone Stamp Tool to fix an imperfection

1. Position the Brush pointer Q directly over the fly, as shown in Figure 18.

2. Click the fly, then compare your image to Figure 19.

TIP Select a different brush size if your brush is too small or too large, and then reapply the stamp.

3. Click the Zoom Tool on the toolbox.

4. Press and hold [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), click the center of the tomato with the Zoom pointer until the zoom factor is 100%, then release [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac).

5. Save your work, then compare your image to Figure 20.

You fixed the damaged area of the tomato by covering up the fly.

Using pressure-sensitive tablets

For specialized painting that gives you maximum control when you create an image, you can purchase a pressure-sensitive stylus or tablet. A pressure-sensitive device mimics the force you'd use with an actual brush; you paint softer when you press lightly and paint darker when you press harder. You can set the stylus or tablet pressure for the Magnetic Lasso, Magnetic Pen, Pencil, Brush, Airbrush, Eraser, Clone Stamp, Pattern Stamp, History Brush, Art History Brush, Smudge, Blur, Sharpen, Dodge, Burn, and Sponge Tools.

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