Using the Healing Brush Tool

This tool lets you sample an area, then paint over the imperfections. What is the result? The less-than-desirable pixels seem to disappear into the surrounding image. In addition to matching the sampled pixels, the Healing Brush Tool also matches the texture, lighting, and shading of the sample. This is why the painted pixels blend so effortlessly into the existing image. Corrections can be painted using broad strokes, or using clicks of the mouse.

QUICKTIP

To take a sample, press and hold [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac) while dragging the pointer over the area you want to duplicate.

FIGURE 19

Options for the Magic Wand Tool

" J -j ^ Tolerance: 32 0 Anti-alias 0 Contiguous □ Sample All Layers

Select using color range

FIGURE 20

Completed Color Range dialog box

1. Open PS 3-5.psd from the drive and folder where your Data Files are stored.

2. Click Select on the menu bar, then click Color Range.

3. Click the Image option button (if it is not already selected).

4. Click the Invert check box to add a check mark.

5. Verify that your settings match those shown in Figure 20, then click OK.

6. Click anywhere in the gray area surrounding the sample image, then click OK.

The Color Range dialog box closes and the spool of thread in the image is selected.

7. Click the Move Tool N> on the toolbox.

8. Drag the selection into Sewing Box.psd, then position the selection as shown in Figure 21.

9. Rename the new layer Thread.

10. Activate PS 3-5.psd, then close this file without saving any changes.

You made a selection within an image using the Color Range command on the Select menu, and dragged the selection to an existing image.

Modifies tolerance

Image sample appears here

FIGURE 20

Completed Color Range dialog box

Modifies tolerance

Image sample appears here

Selected check box excludes selected color

FIGURE 21

Selection in image

FIGURE 21

Selection in image

FIGURE 22

Magic Wand Tool settings

Select using the Magic Wand Tool

_| -_J P Idj Tolerance! 10 0 Anti-alias Q Contiguous Q Sample All Layers

FIGURE 23

Selected area

Selection excludes background color

FIGURE 23

Selected area

1. Open PS 3-6.psd from the drive and folder where your Data Files are stored.

2. Click the Magic Wand Tool ^ on the toolbox.

3. Change the settings on the options bar to match those shown in Figure 22.

4. Click anywhere in the gray area of the image (such as 50 X/50 Y).

TIP Had you selected the Contiguous check box, the pixels within the handles would not have been selected. The Contiguous check box is a powerful feature of the Magic Wand Tool.

5. Click Select on the menu bar, then click Inverse. Compare your selection to Figure 23.

6. Click the Move Tool N> on the toolbox, then drag the selection into Sewing Box.psd.

You made a selection using the Magic Wand Tool, then dragged it into an existing image. The Magic Wand Tool is just one more way you can make a selection. One advantage of using the Magic Wand Tool is the Contiguous check box, which lets you choose pixels that are next to one another.

Flip a selection

1. Click Edit on the menu bar, point to Transform, then click Flip Horizontal.

2. Rename Layer 1 using the name Scissors.

3. Defringe Scissors using a 1 pixel setting.

4. Drag the flipped selection with the Move Tool pointer Kj. so it is positioned as shown in Figure 24.

5. Make PS 3-6.psd the active file, then close PS 3-6.psd without saving your changes.

6. Save your work.

You flipped and repositioned a selection. Sometimes it's helpful to flip an object to help direct the viewer's eye to a desired focal point.

FIGURE 24

Flipped and positioned selection

FIGURE 24

Flipped and positioned selection

Getting Rid of Red Eye

When digital photos of your favorite people have that annoying red eye, what do you do? You use the Red Eye Tool to eliminate this effect. To do this, select the Red Eye Tool (which is grouped on the toolbox with the Spot Healing Brush Tool, the Healing Brush Tool, and the Patch Tool), then either click a red area of an eye or draw a selection over one red eye. When you release the mouse button, the red eye effect is removed.

FIGURE 25

Healing Brush Tool options

Crack from image

FIGURE 27

Image after using the Healing Brush Tool

Fix imperfections with the Healing Brush Tool

FIGURE 26

Healed area

FIGURE 26

Healed area

1. Click the Sewing Box layer on the Layers palette, then click the Zoom Tool -A on the toolbox.

2. Click the image with the Zoom Tool pointer ^ above the pink spool of thread, (in the box) at 750 X/600 Y until the zoom factor is 200% and you can see the crack in the box.

3. Click the Healing Brush Tool /, on the toolbox. Change the setting on the options bar to match those shown in Figure 25.

Tl P If you need to change the Brush settings, click the Brush list arrow on the options bar, then drag the sliders so the settings are 10 px diameter, 0% hardness, 1% spacing, 0° angle, 100% roundness, and pen pressure size.

4. Press and hold [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), click next to the crack at any location on the green lid, such as 700 X/580 Y, then release [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac).

You sampled an area of the box that is not cracked so that you can use the Healing Brush Tool to paint a damaged area with the sample.

5. Click the crack (at approximately 720 X/580 Y).

6. Repeat steps 4 and 5, each time choosing a new source location, then clicking at a parallel location on the crack.

Compare the repaired area to Figure 26.

7. Click the Zoom Tool A on the toolbox, press and hold [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac), click the center of the image with the Zoom Tool pointer Q,. until the zoom factor is 50%, then release [Alt] (Win) or [option] (Mac).

8. Save your work, then compare your image to Figure 27.

You used the Healing Brush Tool to fix an imperfection in an image.

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