Healing Brush

The Healing Brush (j) is a tool that is designed to correct imperfections in a photo. Similar in handling to the Clone Stamp, it successfully hides blemishes by taking cloned pixels and matching the texture, lighting, and shading of the sampled to the original pixels. This can often generate results in which the repaired pixels blend seamlessly together. To get better results on an area with strong contrast, make a selection before using the Healing Brush tool. The selection should be bigger than the area to be healed and should follow the boundary of high-contrast pixels. For example, if healing a person's face, make a selection over the problem area that excludes the adjacent sky or clothing. This way, when painting with the Healing Brush, the selection will prevent color bleed-in from outside areas.

Step 1. Open the file Ch10_Healing_Brush.psd from the DVD-ROM. Select the Healing Brush tool by pressing j. (Be careful not to select the Spot Healing Brush.)

Step 2. Select a brush from the Options bar or Brush palette.

Step 3. Choose a blending mode. (This can be useful to avoid visible cloning when retouching.) The Replace option preserves noise and texture at the stroke's edges.

Step 4. Choose a source for repairing pixels in the Options bar. The standard source is sampled. Here pixels are taken from the area surrounding your sample point. As the brush moves, the sample point also moves accordingly to ensure

The Healing Brush was designed for challenges like this.

Video #17 Using the Healing Brush

The DVD-ROM includes a video tutorial on the Healing Brush.

Spot Healing Brush

^ The Spot Healing Brush is l^j similar in function to the Healing Brush. However, it does not require you to set a source point and will automatically blend neighboring pixels.

variety in the sampled source. The Pattern option uses a pattern from the current pattern library (accessible from a pop-up list).

Step 5. Specify the alignment. If Aligned is selected, the sample point and painting point move parallel as you move. If the user clicks and starts over, the sample point picks up where it was last. If Aligned is deselected, the initial sample point is used (even after you stop and resume cloning). The second method ensures that you are always sampling from the same area.

Step 6. You can clone from all visible layers by specifying Use All Layers. If this is deselected, only the active layer is used. You can sample on one layer then apply the healing to a new empty layer above. This will provide greater flexibility in your workflow Try to "follow the line" for better results.

Step 7. If you are using the Sampling mode, click (^0+click) within the current document or another open document set to the same color mode.

Step 8. Click and start to paint as if you were using a brush. Because the sampled pixels are drawn from before you click, it may be necessary to release and start over occasionally to avoid cloning the problem area.

Step 9. Release the mouse to merge the sampled pixels. The stroke will look strange until then.

Step 10. Try to "follow the line" by looking for edges to follow. Straight lines such as creases in clothing are easier to follow than random spots. Look to follow the natural creases and linear paths that are present.

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