Contents

Foreword xv

Preface xvii art I: Welcome to Photoshop 6 1

Chapter 1: What's Up with Photoshop 6? 3

What Is Photoshop? 3

Image-Editing Theory 4

Bitmaps versus objects 4

The ups and downs of painting 4

The downs and ups of drawing 6

When to use Photoshop 7

When to use a drawing program 7

The Computer Design Scheme 8

Photoshop Scenarios 9

Fast Track to Version 6 10

Chapter 2: Inside Photoshop 15

A First Look at Photoshop 6 15

See Photoshop Run 16

Splash screen tricks 16

Online studios resource 18

The Photoshop Desktop 19

The preview box 21

The tools 24

The toolbox controls 32

The new Options bar 34

The floating palettes 35

Rearranging and docking palettes 37

Navigating in Photoshop 39

The view size 39

The zoom tool 41

The zoom commands 42

The magnification box 42

Creating a reference window 44

Scrolling inside the window 45

The Navigator palette 46

Customizing the Interface 47

The preference panels 48

General preferences 50

Saving Files 53

Display & Cursors 55

Transparency & Gamut 57

Plug-Ins & Scratch Disk 61

Image Cache 63

Physical memory usage 65

Chapter 3: Image Fundamentals 67

How Images Work 67

Size versus resolution 68

Changing the printing resolution 69

Changing the page-layout resolution 70

So what's the perfect resolution? 71

The Resolution of Screen Images 72

How to Open, Duplicate, and Save Images 73

Creating a new image 74

Opening an existing image 77

Duplicating an image 81

Saving an image to disk 81

File Format Roundup 84

The native format 85

Special-purpose formats 86

Interapplication formats 92

The mainstream formats 101

The oddball formats 107

Still can't get that file open? 111

Adding file information and annotations 112

Resampling and Cropping 117

Resizing versus resampling 117

Cropping 120

Chapter 4: Defining Colors 131

Selecting and Editing Colors 131

Specifying colors 132

Using the Color Picker 133

Entering numeric color values 136

Working in Different Color Modes 138

RGB 139

HSB 141

CMYK 141

CIE's Lab 144

Understanding Lab anatomy 144

Grayscale 146

Black and white (bitmap) 146

Using Photoshop's Other Color Selection Methods 151

Predefined colors 151

The Color palette 154

The Swatches palette 156

Swatches presets 157

The eyedropper tool 158

The color sampler tool 159

Introducing Color Channels 161

Why you should care 162

How channels work 162

How to switch and view channels 163

Trying Channels on for Size 165

RGB channels 165

CMYK channels 167

Lab channels 168

Other Channel Functions 169

Color Channel Effects 174

Improving the appearance of color scans 174

Using multichannel techniques 176

Replacing and swapping color channels 177

Chapter 5: Painting and Editing 179

Paint and Edit Tool Basics 179

Meet your tools 180

Basic techniques 185

Brush Shape and Opacity 196

The Brushes palette 197

Editing and creating brush shapes 198

Opacity, pressure, and exposure 207

Brush Dynamics 208

Exploring the Brush Dynamics palette 209

Fading the paint (and other effects) 210

Creating sparkles and comets 211

Creating tapered strokes 214

Setting up pressure-sensitive tablets 214

Brush Modes 217

The 19 paint tool modes 218

The three dodge and burn modes 221

Chapter 6: Filling and Stroking 223

Filling Portions of an Image 223

Filling Selections with Color or Patterns 224

The paint bucket tool 224

The Fill command 230

Backspace-key techniques 232

Using the paint bucket inside a selection 233

Applying Gradient Fills 235

Using the gradient tool 235

Gradient options 236

Gradient styles 239

Creating custom gradations 242

Editing solid gradients 243

Creating noise gradients 249

Saving and managing gradients 251

Applying Strokes and Arrowheads 255

Stroking a selection outline 256

Applying arrowheads 258

Appending arrowheads to curved lines 260

Chapter 7: Retouching, Repeating, and Restoring 263

Three of the Best 263

Cloning Image Elements 264

The cloning process 266

Touching up blemishes 269

Restoring an old photograph 271

Eliminating distracting background elements 276

Applying Repeating Patterns 281

Aligning patterns (or not) 282

Creating patterns and textures 284

Building your own seamless pattern 287

Stepping Back through Time 293

Using the traditional undo functions 294

The History palette 295

Painting away the past 299

Chapter 8: Selections and Paths 315

Selection Fundamentals 315

How selections work 316

Geometric selection outlines 319

Free-form outlines 322

Magnetic selections 324

The world of the wand 327

Ways to Change Selection Outlines 330

Quick changes 331

Manually adding and subtracting 331

Using Shift and Alt like a pro 333

Adding and subtracting by command 334

Softening selection outlines 338

Moving and Duplicating Selections 344

The role of the move tool 344

Making precise movements 345

Cloning a selection 346

Moving a selection outline independently of its contents 349

Scaling or rotating a selection outline 350

The untimely demise of floating selections 353

How to Draw and Edit Paths 353

Paths overview 354

Drawing paths with the pen tool 357

Editing paths 363

Filling paths 370

Painting along a path 371

Converting and saving paths 374

Importing and Exporting Paths 377

Swapping paths with Illustrator 377

Exporting to Illustrator 378

Retaining transparent areas in an image 378

Chapter 9: Masks and Extractions 383

Selecting Via Masks 383

Masking defined 384

Painting and Editing Inside Selections 386

Working in Quick Mask Mode 390

How the quick mask mode works 390

Changing the red coating 395

Gradations as masks 396

Creating gradient arrows 401

Generating Masks Automatically 404

Extracting a subject from its surroundings 404

Using the Color Range command 410

A few helpful Color Range hints 414

Creating an Independent Mask Channel 415

Saving a selection outline to a mask channel 415

Converting a mask to a selection 418

Viewing mask and image 418

Building a Mask from an Image 419

Chapter 10: Corrective Filtering 427

Filter Basics 427

A first look at filters 428

XXXii Contend

How filters work 431

Fading a filter 435

Heightening Focus and Contrast 438

Using the Unsharp Mask filter 438

Using the preset sharpening filters 446

Sharpening grainy photographs 446

Using the High Pass filter 451

Blurring an Image 455

Applying the Gaussian Blur filter 455

The preset blurring filters 458

Antialiasing an image 458

Directional blurring 460

Softening a selection outline 469

Noise Factors 472

Adding noise 472

Removing noise with Despeckle 478

Averaging pixels with Median 479

Sharpening a compressed image 479

Cleaning up scanned halftones 482

Chapter 11: Full-Court Filtering 487

Destructive Filters 487

A million wacky effects 487

What about the others? 491

Third-party filters 491

One final note about RAM 492

The Pixelate Filters 492

The Crystal Halo effect 493

Creating a mezzotint 495

Edge-Enhancement Filters 498

Embossing an image 498

Tracing around edges 502

Creating a metallic coating 503

Distortion Filters 505

Reflecting an image in a spoon 507

Twirling spirals 510

Creating concentric pond ripples 514

Creating parallel ripples and waves 517

Distorting an image along a curve 524

Changing to polar coordinates 525

Distorting an image inside out 528

Distorting with the Liquify command 532

Wrapping an Image around a 3D Shape 539

Using the 3D Transform filter 540

Layer before you apply 544

Adding Clouds and Spotlights 546

Creating clouds 546

Lighting an image 547

Chapter 12: Working with Layers 555

Layers, Layers Everywhere 555

Sending a Selection to a Layer 557

Other ways to make a layer 558

Duplicating a layer 560

Working with Layers 561

Switching between layers 561

Switching layers from the keyboard 563

Understanding transparency 563

Modifying the background layer 566

Reordering layers 568

Automated matting techniques 569

Blending layers 571

Fusing several layers 573

Dumping layers 574

Saving a flattened version of an image 574

Selecting the Contents of Layers 574

Drop shadows 576

Halos 578

Spotlights 580

Moving, Linking, and Aligning Layers 582

Linking layers 582

Uniting layers into sets 584

Locking layers 587

Using guides 588

Automatic alignment and distribution 590

Setting up the grid 591

Using the measure tool 592

Applying Transformations 593

Transforming the entire image 594

Transforming layers and selected pixels 594

Numerical transformations 597

Masking and Layers 598

Preserving transparency 598

Creating layer-specific masks 601

Pasting inside a selection outline 604

Masking groups of layers 604

Chapter 13: The Wonders of Blend Modes 609

Mixing Images Together 609

Using Opacity and Blend Modes 612

The Opacity setting 613

The blend modes 613

Blend mode madness 624

Applying Advanced Blending Options 627

Blending interior layer effects (or not) 629

Blending clipping groups 630

Blending individual color channels 631

Knocking out layers 631

Knocking out by brightness value 633

Using Channel Operation Commands 638

The Apply Image command 640

Add and Subtract 645

The Calculations command 647

Combining masks 649

Chapter 14: Shapes and Styles 653

Some Stuff We Never Ordered 653

Drawing Shapes 655

The pros and cons of shapes 655

The shape tools 657

The shape drawing process 659

Combining and editing shapes 662

Editing the stuff inside the shape 664

The Bold New Layer Styles 667

The advantages of layer effects 673

Inside the Layer Style dialog box 673

Modifying and Saving Effects 680

Disabling effects 681

Duplicating effects 681

Scattering effects to the four winds 682

Saving effects as styles 682

Chapter 15: Fully Editable Text 685

The State of Type in Photoshop 6 685

The five flavors of text 686

Text as art 687

Using the Type Tool 689

Creating vertical type 693

Creating and manipulating text in a frame 694

Selecting text 695

Applying character formatting 696

Applying paragraph formatting 706

Warping text 712

Editing text as shapes 714

Character Masks and Layer Effects 715

Creating a text mask 715

Converting type to a path 716

Type masks on the march 717

Layer effects bonanza 722

Chapter 16: Essential Color Management 727

Plunging Headlong into Color 727

A Typical Color-Matching Scenario 728

Setting up the source monitor 729

Selecting the ideal working space 732

Embedding the profile 734

Setting up the destination space 735

Defining color management policies 736

Converting the color space 737

Color Conversion Central 738

Description 739

Working spaces 739

Color management policies 742

Advanced mode 746

Custom CMYK Setup 748

Loading CMYK settings from a previous version of Photoshop. . . . 752

Chapter 17: Mapping and Adjusting Colors 755

What Is Color Mapping? 755

Color effects and adjustments 755

The good, the bad, and the wacky 756

Quick Color Effects 757

Invert 757

Equalize 759

Threshold 761

Posterize 764

Quick Corrections 765

Sucking saturation 765

The Auto Levels commands 766

The Auto Contrast command 767

Hue Shifting and Colorizing 768

Using the Hue/Saturation command 768

Adjusting hue and saturation 773

Colorizing images 776

Shifting selected colors 777

Shifting predefined colors 778

Using the Variations command 780

Enhancing colors in a compressed image 782

Making Custom Brightness Adjustments 784

The Levels command 785

The Curves command 791

Gradient maps 796

Practical applications: continuous curves 797

Practical applications: arbitrary curves 799

Adjustment Layers 801

The advantages of layer-based corrections 803

Correcting a flat image using layers 805

Chapter 18: Printing Images 807

Welcome to Printing 807

Understanding Printing Terminology 808

Printing Composites 811

Choosing a printer 813

Setting up the page 814

Specifying a transfer function 826

Printing pages 828

Creating Color Separations 830

Outputting separations 830

Color trapping 832

Printing Duotones 832

Creating a duotone 833

Reproducing a duotone 835

Editing individual duotone plates 836

Spot-Color Separations 837

Printing Contact Sheets 838

Chapter 19: Creating Graphics for the Web 841

The World of Web Imagery 841

Photoshop and ImageReady 842

Rules of Web Imagery 842

The smaller, the speedier 843

Mac and PC monitor brightness 843

More rules of Web imagery 845

Saving JPEG Images 846

Preparing and Saving GIF Images 849

Using the Indexed Color command 850

Specifying the palette 851

Editing indexed colors 857

Making colors transparent 859

Saving (and opening) GIF with transparency 859

Optimizing JPEG and GIF Images 861

GIF optimization settings 864

JPEG optimization settings 867

The Optimization menu 869

The Preview menu 870

Output settings 871

Saving PNG Images 873

Slicing Images 874

Creating slices 874

Editing slices 876

Setting slice options 878

Saving slices 879

Doing More in ImageReady 880

Creating an image map 880

JavaScript rollovers 882

Creating Web animations 885

Animations and rollovers 890

Appendix: Using the CD-ROM 893

Bonus Chapters On the CD-ROM

Learn Photoshop Now

Learn Photoshop Now

This first volume will guide you through the basics of Photoshop. Well start at the beginning and slowly be working our way through to the more advanced stuff but dont worry its all aimed at the total newbie.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment