The tools

Photoshop 6 brings with it many changes, including some significant revamping of the toolbox. Here's a quick summary:

♦ Adobe added a row of icons to the toolbox, and the new shape tools and annotation tools quickly set up housekeeping therein.

♦ The crop tool left the digs that it shared with the marquee tools and took up residence on its own nearby.

♦ The measure tool moved in with the eyedroppers, the paintbrush shacked up with the pencil, and the line tool got kicked out on the street. Fortunately, the new shape tools welcomed it as one of their own.

♦ The magnetic pen, type mask, vertical type, and vertical type mask tools fled the toolbox and hid away on the Options bar. You now access the magnetic pen by selecting a check box on the Options bar when the freeform pen is active. Similarly, you bring the type mask, vertical type, and vertical type mask tools into the open by clicking Options bar icons when the type tool is selected.

♦ Clicking the gradient tool icon no longer displays a choice of gradient styles; you now select those styles from the Options bar. The gradient tool rented out the room formerly occupied by the gradient styles icons to the paint bucket.

Finally, when multiple tools share a single toolbox slot, you select the tool you want from a menu-style list, as shown in Figure 2-4, rather than a horizontal pop-out row of tool icons as in previous editions. A tiny, right-pointing triangle in the lower-right corner of an icon indicates that more tools lurk beneath the surface. You can click the triangle and then click the name of the tool you want to use. Or, to get the job done with one less click, just drag from the icon onto the name of the tool and then release the mouse button.

Tip You can cycle between the tools in the pop up menu by Alt clicking a tool icon.

Pressing the key that appears to the right of the tool names also does the trick — * however, depending on a tool setting that you establish in the Preferences dialog box, you may need to press Shift with the key. (See the upcoming section "General preferences.")

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Figure 2-4: Drag from any tool icon with a triangle to display a pop-up menu of alternate tools.

Also, when you hover your cursor over a tool, Photoshop tells you the name of the tool and how to select it from the keyboard. I explain more about keyboard shortcuts in Chapters D and E on the CD-ROM. If you find the tool tips irritating, turn to "General preferences" to find out how to turn them off.

Note I've catalogued each tool in the following lengthy list, with tool icons, pithy sum maries, and the chapter to which you can refer for more information. No need to read the list word for word; just use it as a reference to get acquainted with the new program. The list presents the tools in the order that they appear in the toolbox. Incidentally, unless otherwise noted, each of the following descriptions tells how to use the tool inside the image window. For example, if an item says drag, you click the tool's icon to select the tool and then drag in the image window; you don't drag on the tool icon itself.

1 Rectangular marquee (Chapter 8): Drag with this tool to enclose a por tion of the image in a rectangular marquee, which is a pattern of moving dash marks indicating the boundary of a selection.

Shift-drag to add to a selection; Alt-drag to delete from a selection. The same goes for the other marquee tools, as well as the lassos and magic wand.

As an alternative to using these time-honored shortcuts, you can click mode icons on the Options bar to change the behavior of the selection tools.

Elliptical marquee (Chapter 8): Drag with the elliptical marquee tool to enclose a portion of the window in an oval marquee.

c.-j Single-row marquee (Chapter 8): Click with the single-row marquee to select an entire horizontal row of pixels that stretches all the way across the image. You can also drag with the tool to position the selection. You rarely need it, but when you do, here it is.

H Single-column marquee (Chapter 8): Same as the single-row marquee, except the single column marquee selects an entire vertical column of pixels. Again, not a particularly useful tool.

Kjt Move (Chapter 8): Drag to move a selection or layer. In fact, the move tool is the exclusive means for moving and cloning portions of an image. (You can also Ctrl-drag selections with any tools except the shape, path, and slicing tools, but only because Ctrl temporarily accesses the move tool.)

Lasso (Chapter 8): Drag with the lasso tool to select a free-form portion of the image. You can also Alt click with the lasso to create a straight sided selection outline.

Polygonal lasso (Chapter 8): Click hither and yon with this tool to draw a straight sided selection outline (just like Alt clicking with the standard lasso). Each click sets a corner point in the selection.

Magnetic lasso (Chapter 8): As you drag with the magnetic lasso tool, the selection outline automatically sticks to the edge of the foreground image. Bear in mind, however, that Photoshop's idea of an edge may not jibe with yours. Like any automated tool, the magnetic lasso sometimes works wonders, other times it's more trouble than it's worth.

Tip The magnetic lasso automatically lays down points as you drag. If you don't like a point and you want to get rid of it, press the Backspace or Delete key.

Magic wand (Chapter 8): Click with the magic wand tool to select a contiguous area of similarly colored pixels. To select discontiguous areas, click in one area and then Shift-click in another. Deselect the Contiguous tool option and click once to select similar colors throughout the image.

■bj Crop (Chapter 3): Drag with the crop tool to enclose the portion of the image you want to retain in a rectangular boundary. Photoshop now tints areas outside the boundary to help you better see which image areas will go and which will stay when you apply the crop. The crop boundary sports several square handles you can drag to resize the cropped area. Drag outside the boundary to rotate it; drag inside to move it. Press Enter to apply the crop or Escape to cancel.

p Slice tool (Chapter 19): The slice tool and its companion, the slice select tool, come into play when you're creating Web graphics. You can cut images into rectangular sections — known as slices — so that you can apply Web effects, such as links, rollovers, and animations, to different areas of the same image. Drag with the slice tool to define the area that you want to turn into a slice.

Slice select tool (Chapter 19): If you don't get the boundary of your slice ^ right the first time, click the slice with this tool and then drag one of the side or corner handles that appear. Or drag inside the boundary to relocate it.

Press Ctrl when the slice tool is active to temporarily access the slice select tool, and vice versa.

^ Airbrush (Chapter 5): Drag with the airbrush tool to spray diffused strokes of color that blend into the image, just the thing for creating shadows and highlights.

^ Paintbrush (Chapter 5): Drag with the paintbrush tool to paint soft lines, which aren't as jagged as those created with the pencil, but aren't as fluffy as those created with the airbrush.

^ Pencil (Chapter 5): Drag with the pencil tool to paint jagged, hard-edged lines. It's main purpose is to clean up individual pixels when you're feel ing fussy.

^ Rubber stamp (Chapter 7): The rubber stamp tool copies one portion of the image onto another. Alt click the part of your image you want to clone, and then drag to clone that area to another portion of the image.

^ Pattern stamp (Chapter 7): The rubber stamp tool lets you paint with a pattern. Define a pattern using Edit Define Pattern and then paint away.

^ History brush (Chapter 7): Remember how you used to be able to revert an image to its saved or snapshot appearance using the rubber stamp? Well, no more. Now you have a dedicated history brush that reverts the image to any of a handful of previous states throughout the recent history of the image. To specify the state that you want to revert to, click in the first column of the History palette. It's like an undo brush, except way, way better.

■CTj Art history brush (Chapter 7): Like the history brush, the art history brush paints with pixels from a previous image state. But with this brush, you get a variety of brush options that create different artistic effects.

^^ Eraser (Chapter 7): Drag with the eraser tool to paint in the background color or erase areas in a layer to reveal the layers below. Alt drag to switch to the Erase to History mode, which reverts the image to a previous state just as if you were using the history brush. (In the old days, people referred to this particular eraser mode as the "magic" eraser, which can be confusing because Photoshop 5.5 introduced an official magic eraser - one that deletes pixels rather than reverting them. For clarity's sake, I reserve the term magic eraser for the official tool.)

Background eraser (Chapter 7): Introduced in Version 5.5, the back ground eraser rubs away the background from an image as you drag along the border between the background and foreground. If you don't wield this tool carefully, though, you wind up erasing both background and foreground.

Magic eraser (Chapter 7): Also new in Version 5.5, the magic eraser came from the same gene pool that produced the magic wand. When you click with the magic wand, Photoshop selects a range of similarly colored pixels; click with the magic eraser, and you erase instead of select.

In case you nodded off a few paragraphs ago, this magic eraser works differently than the eraser that you get when you Alt-drag with the standard eraser, which sometimes goes by the nickname magic eraser when used with the Alt key.

| i| Gradient (Chapter 6): Drag with this tool to fill a selection with a gradual transition of colors, commonly called a gradient. In Photoshop 5, you selected different gradient tools to create different styles of gradients; now you click the single gradient icon in the toolbox and select a gradient style from the Options bar.

^ Paint bucket (Chapter 6): Click with the paint bucket tool to fill a contiguous area of similarly colored pixels with the foreground color or a predefined pattern.

Blur (Chapter 5): Drag with the blur tool to diffuse the contrast between neighboring pixels, which blurs the focus of the image. You can also Alt-drag to sharpen the image.

^ Sharpen (Chapter 5): Drag with this tool to increase the contrast between pixels, which sharpens the focus. Alt drag when this tool is active to blur the image.

Smudge (Chapter 5): The smudge tool works just as its name implies; drag with the tool to smear colors inside the image.

Dodge (Chapter 5): Drag with the dodge tool to lighten pixels in the image. Alt drag to darken the image.

^^ Burn (Chapter 5): Drag with the burn tool to darken pixels. Press Alt to temporarily access the dodge tool and lighten pixels.

Sponge (Chapter 5): Drag with the sponge tool to decrease the amount of saturation in an image so the colors appear more drab, and eventually gray. You can also increase color saturation by changing the setting in the Sponge Options palette from Desaturate to Saturate.

Path component selection (Chapter 8): Click anywhere inside a path to select the entire path. If you click inside a path that contains multiple subpaths, Photoshop selects the subpath under the tool cursor. Shift-click to select additional paths or subpaths. You also use this tool and the direct selection tool, described next, to select and manipulate lines and shapes drawn with the shape tools.

Direct selection (Chapter 8): To select and edit a segment in a selected path or shape, click it or drag over it with this tool. Press Shift while using the tool to select additional segments. Or Alt-click inside a path or shape to select and edit the whole object.

'J1 Type (Chapter 15): Click with the type tool to add text to your image. In Photoshop 6, you enter and edit text directly in the image window— no more fooling around with the Type Tool dialog box. This change is one of many to the type tool; explore Chapter 15 to discover all your new type options.

After selecting the type tool, you can create a type-based selection outline by switching from regular type mode to mask type mode via a button on the Options bar. You also can choose to enter either horizontal or vertical rows of type. You no longer use separate tools for different type operations.

^ Pen (Chapter 8): Click and drag with the pen tool to set points in the image window. Photoshop draws an editable path outline — much like a path in Illustrator — that you can convert to a selection outline or stroke with color.

Freeform pen (Chapter 8): Drag with this tool to draw freehand paths or vector masks. Photoshop automatically adds points along the path as it sees fit.

If you select the Magnetic check box on the Options bar, the freeform pen morphs into the magnetic pen introduced in Version 5.5. Deselect the check box to return to the freeform pen.

Add anchor point (Chapter 8): To insert a point in a path, click a path segment with this tool.

Delete anchor point (Chapter 8): Click a point to remove the point without interrupting the outline of the path. Photoshop automatically draws a new segment between the neighboring points.

|\ Convert point (Chapter 8): Points in a path come in different varieties, some indicating corners and others indicating smooth arcs. The convert point tool enables you to change one kind of point to another. Drag a point to convert it from a corner to an arc. Click a point to convert it from an arc to a sharp corner.

| | Rectangle (Chapter 14): One of the five new vector drawing tools provided by Photoshop 6, this tool draws rectangles filled with the fore ground color. Just drag to create a rectangle; Shift-drag to draw a square.

Rounded rectangle (Chapter 14): Prefer your boxes with nice, curved corners instead of sharp, 90 degree angles? Drag or Shift drag with the rounded rectangle tool.

You can opt to create rasterized shapes and lines with the rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon, line, and custom shape tools. See Chapter 14 for details.

Ellipse (Chapter 14): You look pretty smart to me, so you probably already figured out that you drag with this tool to draw an ellipse and Shift-drag to draw a circle.

I^y Polygon (Chapter 14): By default, dragging with this tool creates a 5

sided polygon. Controls available on the Options bar enable you to change the number of sides or set the tool to create star shapes.

N^ Line (Chapter 14): Drag with the line tool to create a straight line. But before you do, travel to the Options bar to set the line thickness and specify whether you want arrowheads at the ends of the line.

^ Custom shape (Chapter 14): After you draw a shape with one of the other drawing tools, you can save it as a custom shape. Thereafter, you can recreate that shape by selecting it from the Options bar and then dragging with the custom shape tool. You also can choose from a variety of predefined shapes when working with the custom shape tool.

P Notes (Chapter 3): This tool brings an annotation feature from Adobe Acrobat to Photoshop. Use the tool to create a little sticky note on which you can jot down thoughts, ideas, and other pertinent info that you want to share with other people who work with the image - or that you simply want to remember the next time you open the image. After you create the note, Photoshop displays a note icon in the image window; double-click the icon to see what you had to say.

n;|:i) Audio annotation (Chapter 3): If you prefer the spoken word to the written one, you can annotate your images with an audio clip, assuming that you have a microphone and sound card for your computer. As with the notes tool, an audio icon appears in the image window after you record your message. Clicking the icon plays the audio clip.

Measure (Chapter 12): The measure tool lets you measure distances and directions inside the image window. Just drag from one point to another and note the measurement data in the Info palette or the Options bar. You can also drag the endpoints or your line to take new measurements. And by Alt-dragging an endpoint, you can create a sort of virtual protractor that measures angles.

^ Eyedropper (Chapter 4): Click with the eyedropper tool on a color in the image window to make that color the foreground color. Alt click a color to make that color the background color.

^f Color sampler (Chapter 4): Click as many as four locations in an image to evaluate the colors of those pixels in the Info palette. After you set a point, you can move it by dragging it to a different pixel.

^ Hand (Chapter 2): Drag inside the image window with the hand tool to scroll the window so you can see a different portion of the image. Double click the hand tool icon to magnify or reduce the image so it fits on the screen in its entirety.

When the hand tool is active, you can click buttons on the Options bar to display the image at the actual-pixels, fit-on-screen, or print-size view sizes.

Q^ Zoom (Chapter 2): Click with the zoom tool to magnify the image so you can see individual pixels more clearly. Alt click to step back from the image and take in a broader view. Drag to enclose the specific portion of the image you want to magnify. And, finally, double-click the zoom tool icon inside the toolbox to restore the image to 100-percent view size.

You can modify the performance of any tool but the measure tool by adjusting the settings on the Options bar. To change the unit of measurement used by the measure tool, choose Edit ^ Preferences ^ Units and Rulers and select the unit from the Rulers pop-up menu. Or, even quicker, right-click the ruler or click the plus sign in the lower-left corner of the Info palette and select a measurement unit from the resulting pop-up menu.

Understanding Adobe Photoshop Features You Will Use

Understanding Adobe Photoshop Features You Will Use

Adobe Photoshop can be a complex tool only because you can do so much with it, however for in this video series, we're going to keep it as simple as possible. In fact, in this video you'll see an overview of the few tools and Adobe Photoshop features we will use. When you see this video, you'll see how you can do so much with so few features, but you'll learn how to use them in depth in the future videos.

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